1. Природа в речи индоевропейца


> > > ПИЕ слова о природе
Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Пространство | Время | Количество | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники: Покорного | Старостина | Коблера | Уоткинса | Wiki
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Тематический словарь лингвоцентра Техасского ун-та: Природа | Люди | Животные | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Земледелие | Труд | Движение | Ремесла | Пространство | Количество | Время | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь и музыка | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера

Лексикон индоевропейского праязыка на тему неживой природы:


1.1. Мир

1.21. Земля и земля

1.212. Ground, Soil

1.213. Dust, Powder

1.214. Mud, Mire bhā̆gh- 'bog, swamp, lowland' bhō̆gh- 'bog, swamp, lowland'
  • gu̯eid(h)- 'mud'
  • īl- 'dirt, mud; black' 1. k̑u̯ei- 'dirt, mud; to defile' k̑u̯el- 'muddy' lāmā 'swamp, puddle' 1. meu- 'wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire'
  • 2. pen- 'mud, fen, swamp, water; wet'
  • tenəgos 'ground (under water)' 3. u̯eis- 'to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison'
  • 1.215. Sand, Grit k̑orkā 'grit, gravel' 2. pēs- 'dust, sand' 1.22. Hill, Mountain bhereg̑h- 'high, noble; barrow, mountain'
  • 3. gu̯er- 'mountain'
  • 1. kel- 'to project, tower up; hill'
  • peli-s- 'fell, rock'
  • roi-no- 'hill, road' 1.23. Plain, Field ag̑ro-s 'field, acre'
  • 3. lendh- 'heath, steppe, open land'
  • u̯reik- 'heather' 1.24. Dale, Valley 1. dhel- 'curve; dell, hollow'
  • 1.25. Isle, Island 1.26. Mainland, Continent 1.27. Shore, Beach āpero- 'shore, bank (of river)'
  • 1.31. Water ab- 'water, river'
  • aku̯ā- 'aqua, water, river'
  • 2. ā̆p- 'water, river'
  • arōd- '(type of waterbird)' 9. au̯(e)- 'to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.'
  • bhā̆gh- 'bog, swamp, lowland' bhō̆gh- 'bog, swamp, lowland'
  • dā- 'fluid; river; to flow'
  • 2. enebh- : nebh- 'wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water'
  • lat- 'wet, damp; swamp'
  • 2. leu-g- : lu-g- : lū-g- 'blackish; swamp' 2. nebh- 'wet, damp; clouds; water'
  • 2. pen- 'mud, fen, swamp, water; wet'
  • 1. sal- 'sal, salt; brackish water'
  • selos- 'sea, lake, swamp'
  • u̯egu̯- : ū̆gu̯- 'damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox'
  • 1. *u̯ep- : u̯ō̆p- : up- 'water' 10. u̯er- 'to flow; wet; water, river, etc.' u̯ren- 'to splash, sprinkle' 1.32. Sea mori 'mere, sea'
  • selos- 'sea, lake, swamp'
  • trii̯əto- 'sea; wet, watery' 1.33. Lake, Pond eg̑hero- '(inland) lake'
  • laku- '(water in) lake, pond, ditch, etc.'
  • selos- 'sea, lake, swamp'
  • 1.34. Gulf, Bay 1.35. Wave, Surge bh(e)reu- : bh(e)rū̆- 'to brew, boil, surge, be wild'
  • ghoilo-s 'foaming, turbulent, frothing up'
  • 3. peu- 'foam, froth' (s)poimno- 'foam, spume, spray'
  • 1.36. Brook, Stream, River ab- 'water, river'
  • ad(u)- 'current, water course' aku̯ā- 'aqua, water, river'
  • 2. ā̆p- 'water, river'
  • 9. au̯(e)- 'to wet, flow, sprinkle; water, river, etc.'
  • dā- 'fluid; river; to flow'
  • 2. neid- : nid- 'to flow; stream' 1. ser- 'to flow, stream'
  • 10. u̯er- 'to flow; wet; water, river, etc.' 1.37. Spring, Well 1. lendh- 'spring (of water), wetness' 1.41. Woods, Forest bharu- '(fir) tree, forest'
  • kaito- 'chet, woods, forest'
  • 4. u̯el- 'wool, hair; grass, wold, forest'
  • 1.42. Tree, Oak 2. aig- 'oak'
  • apsā 'aspen (tree)'
  • bhāgó-s 'beech (tree)'
  • bharu- '(fir) tree, forest'
  • deru- 'firm, solid; tree, wood'
  • dhanu- '(type of tree)'
  • grēb(h)o-s : grōb(h)o-s 'beech or hornbeam (tree)' klādhrā 'alder (tree)' kleno- 'maple (tree)' kos(e)lo- 'hazel (tree)'
  • ku̯res- 'small wood, trees' nogu̯o- 'tree'
  • *ōs 'ash (tree)'
  • perku̯u-s 'oak'
  • ptel(e)i̯ā '(type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)'
  • reus- 'elm (tree)' u̯idhu- 'tree, wood'
  • u̯ing̑- 'elm (tree)' 1.43. Wood, Timber deru- 'firm, solid; tree, wood'
  • 2. edh- 'fence of stakes'
  • ku̯res- 'small wood, trees' pelpo- 'woodwork' pi-n- 'piece of wood' plouto- '(wooden object)' u̯idhu- 'tree, wood'
  • 1.44. Rock, Stone 2. ak̑- 'sharp, acute, angular; stone'
  • g̑eis- 'gravel' kaghlo- 'chalk, pebble'
  • 3. lep- 'rock, stone' 2. lēu- : ləu- 'stone'
  • ond- 'rock, stone' peli-s- 'fell, rock'
  • stāi- 'to condense, press together; stiff; stone'
  • su̯elplo-s 'sulphur'
  • su̯elplo-s 'sulphur'
  • 1.51. Sky, Heavens 1.52. Sun 1. dei- 'to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity'
  • sā́u̯el- 'Sol, sun'
  • .53. Moon mēnōt 'month; moon' 1.54. Star g̑hu̯oigu̯- 'to shine; star'
  • 2. stē̆r- 'star'
  • 1.55. Flash, Lightning 2. meldh- 'lightning' 1.56. Noise, Thunder 2. ghrem- 'to grumble; resound, thunder'
  • 1. (s)ten- 'to drone, groan, thunder, etc.'
  • 2. ten- 'to drone, groan, thunder, etc.' 1.57. Thunderbolt, Lightning Strike 1.61. Light ā̆ier- 'day(light), morning'
  • u̯lek- 'to light, shine; fiery' 1.62. Darkness aghl(u)- 'dark cloud; rainy weather' andho- 'blind, dark, somber'
  • ku̯sep- 'dark' mau-ro- 'tired, weak; dark' neuk- 'dark, unclear, indistinct' regu̯os- 'darkness'
  • skot- 'shade, shadow, darkness'
  • tem(ə)- 'dark'
  • 1.63. Shade, Shadow sk̑āi- 'to shine/shimmer dully; shadow'
  • skot- 'shade, shadow, darkness'
  • tem(ə)- 'dark'
  • 1.71. Air, Ether 1.72. Wind, Breeze k̑ēu̯ero- 'north (wind)'
  • 1. sūs- 'to whistle (of wind)' su̯ei- 'to pipe, whistle, sibilate'
  • 1.73. Cloud, Mirk aghl(u)- 'dark cloud; rainy weather' 2. enebh- : nebh- 'wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water'
  • 2. nebh- 'wet, damp; clouds; water'
  • 1.74. Mist, Fog, Haze bholo- 'mist, smoke, steam?' meigh- 'to flicker, twinkle; mist' meis- 'to flicker, twinkle; mist' 2. sneudh- 'fog, mist'
  • sresk- 'to drip, drizzle' stag- 'to drip, drizzle, trickle'
  • 1.75. Rain (n) aghl(u)- 'dark cloud; rainy weather' 4. del- 'to rain, dribble'
  • 2. k̑ī̆k- 'to rain, drizzle' 1. per- 'to spray, sprinkle, drizzle'
  • pers- 'to spray, sprinkle, drizzle; dust, ashes' 2. reg̑- 'damp; rain'
  • sei- 'to drip, be damp'
  • 1.76. Snow (n) 2. g̑hei- : g̑hi- 'snow; winter'
  • sneigu̯h- 'to snow; snow'
  • 1.77. Ice, Frost algh- 'cold, frost, algidity'
  • 2. ei-s- 'ice, frost'
  • grōd- 'hail?' gheləd- 'hail, ice'
  • i̯eg- 'ice, icicle'
  • 1. kreu- 'raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust'
  • srīg- 'cold, frost'
  • 1.78. Weather k̑sē̆-ro- 'dry, xeric, bright (of weather)' 1.81. Fire (n) āt(e)r- 'fire'
  • egnis : ognis 'fire'
  • g(e)u-lo- 'glowing coal'
  • gu̯es- 'to quench, extinguish'
  • 2. perk- : pr̥k- 'coals, glowing ash' peu̯ōr 'fire'
  • u̯lek- 'to light, shine; fiery' 1.82. Flame (n) 1.83. Smoke (n) bholo- 'mist, smoke, steam?' ked- 'to smoke'
  • keu̯əp- : ku̯ēp- 'to boil, cook, smoke'
  • (s)meukh- 'to smoke; smoke'
  • 1.84. Ash(es) 2. ken- 'to rub, scrape, scratch off; ashes'
  • 2. perk- : pr̥k- 'coals, glowing ash' pers- 'to spray, sprinkle, drizzle; dust, ashes' 1.85. to Burn, Scorch 4. ā̆i- 'to burn, shine'
  • ai-dh- 'to burn, shine'
  • 4. al- 'to burn' ā̆s- 'to burn, glow; ash'
  • bhleu-(k-) 'to burn'
  • bhok- 'to burn?'
  • dāu- 'to burn, injure, torment'
  • dhegu̯h- 'to burn'
  • eus- 'to burn'
  • 2. greus- 'to burn, smolder' g̑u̯er- 'to burn, be hot'
  • 2. kenk- 'to burn, hurt; dry feeling: thirst, hunger'
  • 3. ker(ə)- 'to burn'
  • 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu- 'to burn, light (a fire)'
  • k̑sā- 'to burn' lā[i]p- 'to burn, shine'
  • leto- 'heat, burning, anger' 7. pel- 'to burn, be warm'
  • preus- 'to burn, freeze'
  • senk- 'to singe, burn, dry'
  • 1. smel- 'to smolder, burn slowly'
  • 2. su̯el- 'to burn, smolder, swelter'
  • tēg- 'to burn' 12. u̯er- 'to burn'
  • 1.86. to Light, Kindle 2. dhel- 'to light; shining'
  • 2. k̑ēu- : k̑əu- 'to burn, light (a fire)'
  • leuk- 'to light, shine; see'
  • 1.87. Match, Fire Stick ong- 'coal'
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