4. Части тела и их функции в речи индоевропейца


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Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Тематический словарь лингвоцентра Техасского ун-та: Природа | Люди | Животные | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Земледелие | Труд | Движение | Ремесла | Пространство | Количество | Время | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь и музыка | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера

Лексикон индоевропейского праязыка на физиологическую тему:


1.1. Анатомия

1.21. Органы

gu̯ii̯ā 'sinew' gu̯heiə- : gu̯hī- 'vein, sinew, tendon'

  • pl(e)u-mon- 'lung'
  • baitā 'goatskin; cloak, mantle'
  • deig̑h- 'to itch, prick; tick'
  • 4. der- 'to cut, skin, split, tear'
  • elkos- 'boil, abscess'
  • ghelg̑h- 'gland' ghendh- 'boil, abscess'
  • gu̯ēi- 'hide, skin' kā̆u(ə)lā : kūlā 'boil, abscess, swelling' kreup- 'scab' mak- 'skin, leather bag'
  • moiso-s 'sheep; hide, pelt, leatherwork' molko- 'pouch, leather bag'
  • nak- 'fur, pelt' 3b. pel- 'to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt'
  • tu̯akos 'skin' 1. kreu- 'raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust'
  • mēmso- 'meat, flesh'
  • dhrigh- 'hair, bristle' 1. gal- 'bald, callow, naked'
  • ghait-ā 'curly/wavy hair' kais- 'hair' keləu̯o- 'bald, bare'
  • 1. k̑er(s)- 'bristle, stiff hair'
  • pi-lo- 'hair, pile, pilus'
  • plēi- 'bald, bare, naked' pleuk- 'floc, hair, feather'
  • pleus- 'to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers'
  • 1. pū̆k- 'thick-haired'
  • pu-lo- '(stiff) hair'
  • sā̆lo- 'wavy' stru- 'gray-haired, old (man)' 4. u̯el- 'wool, hair; grass, wold, forest'
  • 3. u̯endh- 'hair, beard' bhardhā 'beard'
  • smek- 'beard, chin' 3. u̯endh- 'hair, beard' ē̆s-r̥(gu̯) 'blood'
  • gu̯heiə- : gu̯hī- 'vein, sinew, tendon'
  • 1. kreu- 'raw flesh, thick/clotting blood; ice, crust'
  • ast(h)- 'bone' 2. g̑enu- 'chin, jaw(bone)'
  • kau-l- 'hole, hollow; bone'
  • kerno- 'jaw, chin(bone)' konəmo- 'shinbone'
  • kost- 'leg, bone, costa'
  • ost(h)- 'os, bone'
  • kost- 'leg, bone, costa'
  • 1. perk̑- 'breast, rib cage' bhren-to-s 'deer, horned animal' 1. k̑em- 'horn, pole, stick' 1. k̑er- 'horn, head, upper part of body'
  • (s)k̑em- 'deformed, disabled, mutilated; hornless'
  • dumb- 'tail, penis'
  • ers- : orsos 'tail; arse, rump, backside'
  • g̑hō 'behind; towards'
  • nōt- 'rump, nates, backside'
  • prōk̑to- : prək̑to- 'rump, backside'
  • prōk̑to- : prək̑to- 'rump, backside'
  • kap-ut 'head'
  • 1. k̑er- 'horn, head, upper part of body'
  • melōdh- 'head; elevation' mregh-m(n)o- 'brain, skull'
  • moz-g-o- 'brain'
  • mregh-m(n)o- 'brain, skull'
  • ant-s 'brow, front, anterior'
  • 1. bhrū- 'brow, eyebrow'
  • 2. g̑enu- 'chin, jaw(bone)'
  • g̑ep(h)- 'jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat'
  • ghelunā 'jaw, gill'
  • kerno- 'jaw, chin(bone)' lauk(o)- 'jaw; throat' ghroud- '(round body part, e.g. cheek, bosom)' 2. g̑enu- 'chin, jaw(bone)'
  • kerno- 'jaw, chin(bone)' smek- 'beard, chin' kai-ko- 'one-eyed, cyclopean'
  • oku̯- 'to see, ogle; eye'
  • 2. ōus- : əus- : us- 'ear'
  • nas- 'nose'
  • g̑ep(h)- 'jaw, jowl, mouth; to eat'
  • 1. ōus- : əus- 'os, mouth'
  • stomen- 'mouth, stoma'
  • bu- 'lip; kiss, buss'
  • lē̆b- 'lip; to slump, hang down slackly'
  • (s)leb- 'lip; to hang down slackly' dn̥g̑hū 'tongue'
  • g̑embh- 'to bite; tooth'
  • augh- 'nape of the neck' 1. ku̯el- 'to turn; wheel; neck?'
  • mono- 'neck; mane'
  • bherug- 'throat' 1. gu̯er- 'to swallow; craw, gorge, throat'
  • lauk(o)- 'jaw; throat' reu-smen- 'to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen'
  • k̑up- 'shoulder' om(e)so-s 'shoulder'
  • peg- : pog- : pōg- 'hip, side, shoulder'
  • rēito- 'joint, shoulder (of animals)' (s)teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip'
  • teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip' bhāg̑hú-s 'elbow, forearm'
  • dous- 'arm' 2. g̑hasto- 'arm, hand' g̑hesto- 'arm, hand'
  • keis- 'arm; thigh, shin' kr(o)k-sko- 'arm' (s)teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip'
  • teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip' bhāg̑hú-s 'elbow, forearm'
  • 8. el- 'to bend; elbow'
  • 1. der- : dōr- 'hand span'
  • gou̯ə- 'hand; to grab'
  • 2. g̑hasto- 'arm, hand' g̑hesor- 'hand'
  • g̑hesto- 'arm, hand'
  • mə-r 'hand'
  • pn̥ksti- 'fist'
  • gu̯is-ti-s 'finger' keis- 'arm; thigh, shin' k̑lou-ni- 'hip, buttock' kost- 'leg, bone, costa'
  • k̑rūs- 'leg, shank, thigh' 2. lek- : lek- 'joint, leg, body member; to bend, wind'
  • 2. lendh- 'hip, loins; kidney'
  • sō[u]rā : sōrā 'calf (of leg)' (s)pleig̑h- 'to splay (legs)' srēno- 'body part (e.g. hip, loins)' (s)teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip'
  • teigu̯- 'arm, shoulder; thigh, hip' 1. g̑enu- 'knee, joint'
  • 3. kenk- 'heel, hock, back of knee'
  • 3. der- 'to run, trip, tread, tramp'
  • kā̆pho- 'hoof'
  • kok̑sā 'body part: foot, coxa, etc.'
  • 2. pē̆d- 'foot'
  • 1. peis-? : pis- 'to grind, trample'
  • persnā 'heel'
  • r̥ksā 'fetlock; tether' 3. su̯el- 'sole of foot; ground'
  • trem- 'to shake, tremble; to stomp, trample'
  • 1. trep- 'to trip, tread, trample'
  • gu̯ozd(h)o- 'nail, penis' onogh- : ongh- 'claw, (finger/toe) nail'
  • 1. gal- 'bald, callow, naked'
  • pleuk- 'floc, hair, feather'
  • pleus- 'to pluck, deplume, pull out; plucked hair/feathers'
  • gu̯hren- 'diaphragm; mind, soul'
  • 1. perk̑- 'breast, rib cage' ghroud- '(round body part, e.g. cheek, bosom)' gu̯rendh- 'to swell; breast'
  • krū̆t- 'breast, belly; vault, protuberance'
  • mend- 'to feed, suck(le); breast' speno- 'teat, breast, nipple' ēudh- 'udder'
  • 1. enebh- 'navel'
  • k̑ered- : k̑erd- 'heart'
  • k̑red- 'heart' bis-(t)li- 'gall' i̯ē̆ku̯-r̥(t-) 'liver'
  • aru̯ā 'intestines?' ēter- 'intestines'
  • ghel-ond- 'stomach, intestines' 5. g̑her- 'bowels'
  • īli- 'groin, intestines'
  • krū̆t- 'breast, belly; vault, protuberance'
  • 2. lendh- 'hip, loins; kidney'
  • oreu̯- 'entrails' reuto- 'stomach, intestines (of an animal)' sp(h)elg̑h(en) 'milt; spleen'
  • udero- 'belly, uterus'
  • gu̯elbh- 'womb, uterus; young animal'
  • udero- 'belly, uterus'
  • 2. krek- 'roe, fish/frog spawn'
  • ō(u̯)i̯-om 'egg, ovum'
  • org̑hi- 'testicle'
  • dumb- 'tail, penis'
  • gu̯ozd(h)o- 'nail, penis' mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • 3. pes- 'penis'
  • pīzdā- 'vulva'
  • 3. an(ə)- 'to breathe, respire, animate'
  • 2. bhes- 'to blow, breathe'
  • ēt-mén- 'breath'
  • k̑u̯es- 'to pant, puff, sigh, wheeze'
  • pl(e)u-mon- 'lung'
  • pneu- 'to pant, breathe'
  • g̑han- 'to yawn' 2. g̑hē- : ghə- 'to gape, yawn'
  • g̑hēu- : g̑hō(u)- : g̑həu- 'to gape, yawn'
  • k̑u̯ek- 'to gape' 2. lem- 'astonishment (with the notion of wide open jaws)' ku̯ās- : ku̯əs- 'to cough'
  • pster- 'to sneeze'
  • 3. skē̆u- 'to sneeze' 2. su̯eid- 'to sweat, perspire; sweat'
  • (s)p(h)i̯ēu- : (s)pi̯ū- 'to spit, spew, sputter'
  • u̯em- 'to spit, spew, wamble, vomit'
  • reu-b- 'to belch, eruct, retch, vomit'
  • u̯em- 'to spit, spew, wamble, vomit'
  • bheid- 'to bite, prick, pierce, split'
  • denk̑- 'to bite'
  • geig̑- 'to bite, prick, stab' g̑embh- 'to bite; tooth'
  • ghen- 'to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces'
  • gu̯rēug̑h- 'to bite, grind one's teeth' kemə- 'bite, piece'
  • ku̯eru- 'to chew, grind' 2. rēd- : rōd- : rəd- 'to gnaw, scrape, scratch'
  • reu-smen- 'to chew, ruminate; throat, rumen'
  • lab- 'to lap, lick, smack (the lips), etc.'
  • lak- 'to lap, lick' leig̑h- 'to lick'
  • 2. au- 'to sleep, stay overnight' drē- : drə- 'to sleep'
  • gu̯reig̑- 'to sleep, dream' 4. k̑em(ə)- 'to be/make tired'
  • kerm- 'to rest, tire' 1. sneud(h)- 'to drowse, slumber; drowsy, sleepy'
  • srenk- 'to snore'
  • 1. su̯ep- 'to sleep'
  • gu̯reig̑- 'to sleep, dream' oner- 'dream'
  • bheudh- 'to awaken, be aware'
  • 4. ger- 'to grow, awaken' perd- 'to fart, break wind (loudly)'
  • pezd- 'to break wind (softly)'
  • k̑ormno- 'corrosive liquid: lye, wine, urine, etc.' meig̑h- 'to micturate, urinate'
  • 1. (s)tel- 'to urinate, let flow' 4. tel- 'to urinate, let flow' 5. dher- 'to defecate; dirt'
  • ghed- 'to defecate; hole, opening'
  • gu̯or-gu̯(or)o- 'dirt, dung' gu̯ōu- 'dirt, dung'
  • kakka- 'to cack, defecate (nursery word)'
  • k̑eku̯- 'to defecate; dung, excrement' k̑ū̆dh- 'dirt, dung' sk̑er-(d-) 'to defecate; dung, excrement'
  • 3. sp(h)er- 'balls of goat/sheep excrement' 8. (s)ter- 'dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul'
  • eibh- : oibh- 'to copulate'
  • i̯ebh- 'to copulate' 1. g̑en- 'to bear, produce, generate'
  • 2. kat- 'to bear young; young animal'
  • 2d. per- 'to bear (a child)'
  • pid- 'to bear, give birth?'
  • 2. seu- 'to bear (a child); son'
  • 2d. per- 'to bear (a child)'
  • 6. ster- 'barren, sterile, unfruitful'
  • su̯enk- 'heavy; pregnant'
  • aiu̯- 'vitality, life force'
  • es- 'is, to be'
  • 3. gu̯ei̯- 'to live, survive'
  • 3. dhē- 'to disappear, pass away'
  • 2. dheu- 'to die, faint, vanish'
  • 2. g̑heu- 'to die, disappear, get away'
  • 1. gu̯el- 'to stab; pain, death, quell'
  • gu̯hðei(ə)- 'to destroy, perish'
  • ku̯þei- 'to destroy, perish' 2. leit(h)- 'to die, go away'
  • 4. mer- 'to die'
  • 2. nāu- : nəu- : nū- 'death; corpse'
  • nek̑- 'death, dying, necrosis; corpse'
  • 2. u̯ei- 'to wizen, wither'
  • org- 'to hit, kill' 3. per- 'to hit, kill'
  • 1. krep- 'form; corpse, body'
  • 2. nāu- : nəu- : nū- 'death; corpse'
  • nek̑- 'death, dying, necrosis; corpse'
  • abhro- 'strong, mighty'
  • aid- 'to swell; strong' apelo- 'strength'
  • 2. bel- 'strong'
  • 1. bheidh- 'to force; advise, confide, encourage'
  • bheu- 'to be, exist; grow, prosper'
  • 2. deu- 'to worship, venerate; mighty'
  • 3. gal- 'to be able'
  • gu̯ei̯ə- 'to prevail, overpower, be mighty'
  • i̯ēgu̯ā 'force, strength'
  • 1. krēp- 'firm, strong' magh- : māgh- 'to help, be able; might, power'
  • 4. mel- 'big, strong'
  • 1. ner(-t)- 'vital force; man'
  • oid- 'to swell; strong'
  • pasto- 'firm, fast, solid'
  • 1. (s)ter- 'stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.'
  • su̯ento- 'sound, active, healthy, vigorous'
  • u̯al- 'to prevail, be strong'
  • u̯eg̑- 'fresh, strong'
  • 3. u̯ei- 'to wish, pursue, go for, reach towards; strong, violent'
  • 2. u̯eik- 'force, energy (in battle, victory, etc.)'
  • 3. u̯erg̑- 'to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell'
  • alp- 'small, weak' bh(e)lāg- 'weak, silly, ridiculous' bheleu- 'to hit, weaken; ill, weak'
  • 2. bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū- 'bad, weak, miserable'
  • bhleus- 'mild, weak' dhu̯ergh- : drugh- 'crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature'
  • 5. er- 'loose, crumbly'
  • i̯eug̑- 'to excite, arouse; unsteady' kerm- 'to rest, tire' klem- 'weak, slack, feeble, ailing' 2. lei- 'to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak'
  • 3. lē(i)- 'to weaken, leave behind; feeble'
  • 1. lem- 'to break, crush to pieces; lame, fragile'
  • lēs : ləs- 'weak, slack, feeble' mau-ro- 'tired, weak; dark' orbho- 'weak, abandoned; slave, orphan'
  • (s)lēg- : (s)ləg- 'weak, feeble, languid'
  • (s)leu- 'slack, feeble, loosely hanging'
  • 2. ter- 'weak, feeble, tender, fragile'
  • u̯ā̆i- 'weak, miserable'
  • u̯ōro- 'madness; dizziness, weariness'
  • i̯ēk- : i̯ək- 'to heal'
  • kai-lo- 'bright; hale, whole, healthy'
  • 2. kal- 'handsome, beautiful; healthy'
  • sāno-s 'sane, healthy?'
  • su- 'good, well' su̯ento- 'sound, active, healthy, vigorous'
  • bheleu- 'to hit, weaken; ill, weak'
  • klem- 'weak, slack, feeble, ailing' seug- 'sad, sick, grievous, afflicted'
  • su̯ergh- 'to be ill; to sorrow, care for'
  • trū̆des- 'scratchy; leprosy?' 3. u̯eis- 'to flow (away); ooze, virus, poison'
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