8. Растения и земледелие индоевропейца


> > > ПИЕ слова о растениях
Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Пространство | Время | Количество | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники: Покорного | Старостина | Коблера | Уоткинса | Wiki
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Тематический словарь лингвоцентра Техасского ун-та: Природа | Люди | Животные | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Земледелие | Труд | Движение | Ремесла | Пространство | Количество | Время | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь и музыка | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера

Лексикон индоевропейского праязыка на тему земледелия и растениеводства:


1.1. World

1.21. Earth, Land

ag̑ro-s 'field, acre'

  • aldh- 'trough' ar(ə)- 'to ear, plow'
  • u̯ogu̯hni-s 'plowshare'
  • 3. perk̑- 'to open, dig out, rip up; furrow'
  • selk- 'to pull, drag; sulcus, furrow'
  • 1. bhedh- 'to dig, stab, pierce, embed'
  • dhēigu̯- : dhōigu̯- : dhīgu̯- 'to dig, plant, stab, stick'
  • dhelbh- 'to dig, delve, bury'
  • dhembh- 'to dig'
  • 2. ghrebh- 'to dig, grub, grave, scratch'
  • i̯ā̆m- 'to dig' 3. perk̑- 'to open, dig out, rip up; furrow'
  • 2. reu- 'to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.'
  • 7. u̯er- 'to root, open, tear up'
  • 2. mat- 'club, hoe, mattock'
  • remb- 'to hack, hoe' et(e)n- 'seed, grain' pū-ro- 'grain, kernel'
  • 1. seg- 'to sow (seed)' 2. sē(i)- : səi- : sī- 'to sow, dispatch, disseminate, let fall'
  • teuk- 'germ, seed, sprout, offspring' 2. am- 'to mow'
  • 2. mē- 'to mow, reap'
  • met- 'to reap, measure' 5. ser- 'sickle'
  • neik- 'to winnow (grain)' es-en- 'summer, harvest time'
  • 6. ster- 'barren, sterile, unfruitful'
  • teuk- 'germ, seed, sprout, offspring' arenko- '(type of grain?)'
  • et(e)n- 'seed, grain' g̑er- 'to rub; rotten; to age, ripen; grain'
  • g̑herzd(h) 'barley, prickly grain'
  • i̯eu̯o- 'grain, esp. barley'
  • neik- 'to winnow (grain)' pū-ro- 'grain, kernel'
  • sasi̯o- '(type of grain)' ades- 'spelt (type of grain)'
  • albhi- 'barley' bhares- 'barley'
  • g̑herzd(h) 'barley, prickly grain'
  • i̯eu̯o- 'grain, esp. barley'
  • rughi̯o- 'rye' u̯rughi̯o- 'rye'
  • au̯ig̑- 'oats; type of grass' ai-rā '(type of grass)' aro-m 'reed?' au̯ig̑- 'oats; type of grass' i̯oi-ni- 'reed (bulrush)' k̑ēko- 'green grass/fodder' k̑oi-no- 'grass' k̑oləmo-s 'reed, stalk, stem, culm'
  • nedo- 'reed' trus- 'reed' 4. u̯el- 'wool, hair; grass, wold, forest'
  • ālu- 'a bitter plant?' 2. bhel- 'henbane' dheregh- 'bushy plants' eregu̯(h)o- 'pea, legume'
  • g̑egh- 'branch, bush; picket' 2. ghers- '(type of weed, e.g. goat's foot)' kemero- '(plant name)' kerem- 'onion or garlic; ash (tree)'
  • krem- 'onion or garlic; ash (tree)' k̑u̯endh-ro- '(type of plant)' mo[u]-lo- : mū-lo- 'root, plant' pr̥so- 'leek, onion, garlic' rāp- 'rape (plant), turnip'
  • u̯ī̆ks- 'mistletoe, tree with sticky(?) sap' bol- 'bulb, tuber'
  • k̑iph- 'thin flexible twig/root' mo[u]-lo- : mū-lo- 'root, plant' mrk- 'more, carrot, edible root'
  • u̯(e)rād- 'root, branch, twig'
  • andher- 'stem, spike' bend- 'spike, needle, tip jutting out'
  • bhrugh-no- 'twig' g̑ebh- 'bough, branch, stick' g̑egh- 'branch, bush; picket' glōgh- : gləgh- 'barb, spike'
  • 2. gol- 'bough, branch, twig' ghabh(o)lo- 'branch, fork'
  • g̑halg(h)- 'flexible twig'
  • 1. g̑hasto- 'pole, rod, gad; twig'
  • gu̯es- 'leaves, branches' 2. k̑ā̆k- 'branch'
  • 3. k̑el- 'thin shaft, stalk'
  • 1. k̑em- 'horn, pole, stick' k̑eub- 'thorn' k̑iph- 'thin flexible twig/root' 1. lēg̑(h)- : ləg̑(h)- 'branch, twig' 1. lēk- : lək- 'tendril; trap'
  • log̑- 'rod, twig' ō̆d(e)go- 'stem, stalk' ozdo-s 'branch'
  • ozgho- 'bud, sprout, twig' 1. perg- 'pole, stem, trunk' perth- 'pole, stick' pi-n- 'piece of wood' rēt- 'pole, rood; stem, stick, trunk'
  • 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i- : (s)p(h)ī̆- 'sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.'
  • stegh- 'stick, stalk, stang, etc.'
  • (s)tei- 'sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus'
  • 7. (s)ter-n- 'thorn, prickly stalk'
  • tei- 'sharp, pointed; spike' tris- 'vine; stem, stalk' u̯(e)rād- 'root, branch, twig'
  • 1. u̯rā̆g̑h- : u̯rəg̑h- 'spike, thorn' 4. bhel- 'leaf, foil, blade; bloom'
  • gu̯es- 'leaves, branches' u̯reik- 'heather' bol- 'bulb, tuber'
  • 4. bhel- 'leaf, foil, blade; bloom'
  • dhā̆l- 'to bloom, be green'
  • mā̆k(en)- 'poppy' u̯reik- 'heather' apsā 'aspen (tree)'
  • dhanu- '(type of tree)'
  • 1. gu̯et- 'resin'
  • gu̯īu̯- 'resin' kerem- 'onion or garlic; ash (tree)'
  • klādhrā 'alder (tree)' kleno- 'maple (tree)' kos(e)lo- 'hazel (tree)'
  • krem- 'onion or garlic; ash (tree)' nogu̯o- 'tree'
  • *ōs 'ash (tree)'
  • 1. perg- 'pole, stem, trunk' ptel(e)i̯ā '(type of tree, e.g. poplar/popple)'
  • rēt- 'pole, rood; stem, stick, trunk'
  • reus- 'elm (tree)' s(u̯)eku̯o-s 'sap, pitch, resin'
  • u̯er-(e)nā 'alder, poplar'
  • u̯ī̆ks- 'mistletoe, tree with sticky(?) sap' u̯ing̑- 'elm (tree)' 2. aig- 'oak'
  • 3. gu̯el- 'acorn, valonia; oak?'
  • perku̯u-s 'oak'
  • bhāgó-s 'beech (tree)'
  • grēb(h)o-s : grōb(h)o-s 'beech or hornbeam (tree)' bharu- '(fir) tree, forest'
  • 3. gu̯el- 'acorn, valonia; oak?'
  • ort- 'vine' tris- 'vine; stem, stalk'

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