12. Описание простраств в речи индоевропейца


> > > ИЕ слова о 3-мерных действиях и положениях
Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Пространство | Время | Количество | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники: Покорного | Старостина | Коблера | Уоткинса | Wiki
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Тематический словарь лингвоцентра Техасского ун-та: Природа | Люди | Животные | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Земледелие | Труд | Движение | Ремесла | Пространство | Количество | Время | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь и музыка | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера

Лексикон индоевропейского праязыка на тему пространственных отношений и действий:


1.1. World

1.21. Earth, Land

i̯eu-ni- 'the right place/way' top- 'to reach, stay; place'

  • 2. dhē- 'to do, put, place, set'
  • klā- 'to lade, place, heap up, lay down'
  • 3. stel- 'to put, place'
  • ē̆s- 'to sit'
  • sed- 'to sit, set, settle'
  • 2. el- 'to lie, recline' 1. gol- 'to camp, lie down; den (of animals)' 1. k̑ei- 'to lie, recline; camp, home'
  • k̑lei- 'to lean, incline, tip (over)'
  • legh- 'to lie, recline, set down'
  • 4. rē- 'to rest, be still' rem- 'to rest; to support'
  • 3. gher- 'to come out, jut out'
  • 7. g̑her- 'to stiffen, stand out' g̑hers- 'to stiffen, bristle, stand out'
  • reid- 'to support, lean against' stā- : stə- 'to stand'
  • stāk- 'to place, stand'
  • k̑þei- 'to settle'
  • 5. men- 'to stay, remain, stand still'
  • (s)teigu̯h- 'to endure, wait patiently' 3. tel- 'to be calm/still' top- 'to reach, stay; place'
  • 1. u̯es- 'to live, stay overnight'
  • 1. g̑hē- 'to lack, be empty; leave, go out'
  • 3. lē(i)- 'to weaken, leave behind; feeble'
  • leiku̯- 'to leave, relinquish'
  • 1. lēu- 'to leave behind' seu̯ə- 'to leave behind?' 2. erə- 'to rest, be still'
  • ku̯ei̯ə- 'to rest comfortably; quiet, peaceful, tranquil'
  • 3. sēk- 'to abate; lazy, quiet'
  • 2. ai- 'to drive, close in; harm, overwhelm' 1. ger- 'to cram, collect, put together'
  • ghais- 'to stick, be fixed to'
  • 2. gu̯ei- 'to enclose, push together' krā[u]- : krəu- : krū̆- 'to heap up, pile together; heap; roof'
  • ku̯elək- 'bale, bundle' 2. ku̯ei- 'to stow, gather, pile up'
  • leg̑- 'to gather, collect'
  • les- 'to lease, collect, pick up'
  • mū̆k- 'heap, etc.' (s)keup- 'sheaf, bunch, flock, etc.'
  • snēp- 'to gather in sheaves/bundles; twist into rope' stāi- 'to condense, press together; stiff; stone'
  • steu̯ə- 'to coagulate, become dense/thick' 3. u̯eik- 'to happen, become equal, come together'
  • 1. ger- 'to cram, collect, put together'
  • ghais- 'to stick, be fixed to'
  • ghedh- 'to join, unite, gather, make a bond'
  • 2. i̯eu- 'to yoke, join, tie together'
  • 2. kai 'and'
  • 1. kem- 'to squeeze, hem in, press together'
  • kol(ē̆)i̯- 'glue'
  • 1. ku̯e '(enclitic) and'
  • 5. mel- 'limb; to join'
  • nes- 'to unite; be concealed'
  • 2. seg- 'to attach, tack on'
  • 2. sem- 'one, some, together'
  • sendhro- 'clotted, coagulated; fluid, melted, etc.'
  • 4. ser- 'to insert, line up, put/bind together'
  • 2. streig- 'taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope'
  • strenk- 'tight, cramped; cord, string'
  • 2. tap- 'to press down/together'
  • 4. au- 'other; that (one)'
  • 4. i̯eu- 'to separate, hold apart'
  • 2. leu- 'to free, cut off, separate'
  • 2. rē̆- 'separate' 1. sē(i)- 'to sift'
  • seni- 'for oneself; sundry, separate'
  • skē̆i- 'to cut, skive, exscind, separate'
  • 6. skēu(-t)- 'to cut, scratch, separate'
  • teu̯ə- 'to sift' 1. u̯eik- 'to choose, filter, sort out'
  • 1. u̯ī̆- 'apart, separate from, in two; both'
  • 1. bhag- 'to divide, apportion'
  • dā : də- 'to share, divide'
  • 3. del- 'to split, divide'
  • gleubh- 'to cut, cleave, pare, slice'
  • 2. rē̆- 'separate' ghed- 'to defecate; hole, opening'
  • ghen- 'to grind, crack open, gnaw to pieces'
  • 3. perk̑- 'to open, dig out, rip up; furrow'
  • 2. reu- 'to open, tear out, dig/rip up, etc.'
  • reu̯ə- : rū- 'to ream, open; wide, roomy'
  • 7. u̯er- 'to root, open, tear up'
  • g̑herdh- 'to gird, enclose, encompass'
  • 2. sten- 'to narrow, hem in'
  • tu̯eng̑h- 'to twinge, oppress, constrain, close in'
  • 5. u̯er- 'to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save'
  • 1. u̯erg̑- 'to (en)close, shut off; pen'
  • 1. dhengh- 'to press, cover'
  • 3. k̑em- 'to wrap, cover, conceal'
  • k̑lep- 'to steal, cover, secrete'
  • 2. lā- 'to be hidden, covered, latent'
  • 3b. pel- 'to wrap, cover; cloth; fell, pelt'
  • sk̑ed- 'to cover' 1. (s)kep- 'to hide, cover' 2. (s)keu- 'to hide, wrap, cover'
  • 1. (s)teg- 'to deck, thatch, cover; house, roof'
  • teg- 'to cover' 1. u̯ā̆g- 'sheath, cover, hollow lid'
  • 5. u̯er- 'to shut, close, cover; guard, warn, save'
  • bherg̑h- 'to keep, hide, bury'
  • dhelbh- 'to dig, delve, bury'
  • gheug̑h- 'to conceal, do secretly' 4. k̑el- 'to hide, conceal'
  • 3. k̑em- 'to wrap, cover, conceal'
  • 2. lā- 'to be hidden, covered, latent'
  • 3. ner- 'to penetrate; hiding place, hollow' nes- 'to unite; be concealed'
  • 1. (s)kep- 'to hide, cover' 2. (s)keu- 'to hide, wrap, cover'
  • teup- 'to crouch down, conceal oneself'
  • agro- 'first, highest; apex, beginning' bhereg̑h- 'high, noble; barrow, mountain'
  • er(ə)d- 'high; to grow'
  • 1. rek- 'to project, tower up; pole'
  • upér 'over, above'
  • 1. u̯eis- 'to grow, sprout'
  • 1. u̯eis- 'to grow, sprout'
  • 2. u̯er- 'highland, raised place; high, top'
  • u̯erdh- 'to grow; high'
  • 2. lēg̑h- : ləg̑h- 'to crawl; low'
  • 2. ner- 'below, under'
  • n̥dhos 'under'
  • upo 'under, (from) below, etc.'
  • 4. u̯e- 'from, away, downward' bhares- 'point, bristle, stubble (with formants)'
  • 1. edh- 'tip, point' spako- 'point; small drop' ardi- 'tip, point, edge' 1. bherem- 'to stand out; brim, edge, hem'
  • bhren- 'to bulge, stick out; edge, brink'
  • 2. bhrēu- 'edge' leizd- 'edge, fringe, hem'
  • mereg̑- 'march, edge, border, frontier'
  • 2. an- 'there, other side'
  • 4. an- 'on, along, over there'
  • kom 'at, by, cum, with, alongside'
  • 1. o 'to, with' peg- : pog- : pōg- 'hip, side, shoulder'
  • medhi- 'middle'
  • 3. nei- 'in'
  • laiu̯o- '(on the) left'
  • seu̯i̯o- '(to the) left' 1. ad- 'at, by, to'
  • 1. en 'in'
  • epi 'at, near, epi-'
  • k̑e- 'this' k̑o- 'this; here'
  • 2. me- 'by, with, amidst, around'
  • 1. o 'to, with' obhi- 'to, from, around, etc.' opi 'at, by' pos 'about, around; by, beside; in front of'
  • po-ti 'against, opposite, toward' ati 'over, beyond'
  • 1. b(h)e 'beside, outside, without'
  • eg̑hs 'from, out of, ex-'
  • eno- 'that'
  • eti 'out, beyond, etc.'
  • 2. ku̯el- 'far away'
  • 2. ne 'that (enclitic particle)' no- 'that' obhi- 'to, from, around, etc.' ū̆d- 'out, away, up(wards)'
  • 4. u̯e- 'from, away, downward' k̑ēu̯ero- 'north (wind)'
  • engu̯- 'bump, swelling'
  • geng- 'lump' 1. krep- 'form; corpse, body'
  • 2. lē̆ig- 'form, appearance; like, similar'
  • rent- 'thing?' u̯ek-ti- 'whit, thing'
  • aid- 'to swell; strong' 2. al- 'to grow, nourish, enhance'
  • andh- 'to sprout, bloom, blossom; herb, anther'
  • au̯eg- 'to augment, increase, magnify'
  • baˣb- 'to swell'
  • baˣmb- 'to swell' bed- 'to swell'
  • 2. b(e)u- 'to boil, swell, puff up'
  • 3. bhel- 'to grow, spread, swell, inflate'
  • bhelg̑h- 'to swell, bulge, billow'
  • 2. bher- 'to boil, swell, well up'
  • bheu- 'to be, exist; grow, prosper'
  • bhlegu̯- 'to swell, become bloated'
  • 2. bhlei- 'to swell, burst, blow up'
  • bhleu- 'to bloat, swell, blow up; flow'
  • bhrendh- 'to sprout, swell up'
  • bhreu- 'to swell, sprout'
  • 1. bhreu-s- 'to swell, sprout'
  • er(ə)d- 'high; to grow'
  • g̑ēi- 'to sprout'
  • 4. ger- 'to grow, awaken' ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə- 'to grow, become green'
  • gu̯et- 'swelling'
  • 1. gu̯hen- 'to swell, abound'
  • 2. k̑er- 'to grow, increase'
  • kerk̑- : kork̑- : kr̥k̑- 'to wrinkle, shrivel up' 1. k̑eu- 'to swell'
  • 1. leudh- 'to grow up; free; people'
  • 2. med- 'to swell'
  • melg̑h- 'to swell' ōg- 'to grow; fruit, berry'
  • pank- 'to swell' 3. sp(h)ē(i)- 'to fatten, prosper, succeed, etc.'
  • tāl- 'to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout'
  • tāl- 'to grow, turn green; plant, young sprout'
  • temp- 'to span, stretch, extend'
  • 1. ten- 'to span, stretch, extend'
  • tens- 'to span, stretch, extend'
  • tēu- 'to swell, intumesce'
  • 1. u̯eis- 'to grow, sprout'
  • 1. u̯eis- 'to grow, sprout'
  • u̯erdh- 'to grow; high'
  • 3. u̯erg̑- 'to abound, be very strong; to swarm, swell'
  • 3. mē- 'to measure'
  • 1. med- 'to mete, allot; medicate, give advice'
  • met- 'to reap, measure' bhāso- '(large bird of prey)' gu̯retso- 'big, thick, gross'
  • 4. mē- 'big, important'
  • meg̑(h)- : meg̑(h)- 'big, much, great, major, mega-'
  • 4. mel- 'big, strong'
  • polo- : pōlo- 'big, fat, thick, swollen'
  • alp- 'small, weak' 6. g̑her- 'short, small'
  • leud- 'to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.'
  • 5. mei- 'to lessen, diminish; small, minor'
  • 4. men- 'to diminish; small'
  • mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • pōu- : pəu- : pū̆- 'few, small, little; young (of animals)'
  • (s)ker-dh- 'small, pitiful, miserable' 2. u̯endh- 'to wane, disappear' 5. del- 'long'
  • māk̑- : mək̑- 'long and slender'
  • u̯azdh- 'long, wide' dhu̯ergh- : drugh- 'crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature'
  • 6. g̑her- 'short, small'
  • mreg̑hu- 'brief, short'
  • mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • mut-o-s 'trimmed, stunted, circumcised, mutilated'
  • pelə- 'plane, flat, wide, broad'
  • 1. plā-k- : plə-k- 'flat, wide, broad; spread out'
  • plā̆t- 'flat, wide, broad; spread out'
  • pləi- 'to broaden, show off' reu̯ə- : rū- 'to ream, open; wide, roomy'
  • 2. stel- 'to dilate, broaden, stretch out; broad'
  • telp- 'to have room; spacious' u̯azdh- 'long, wide' 9. u̯er- : u̯eru-s 'wide, broad'
  • ang̑h- 'tight, narrow, anguished; to constrict'
  • kalni- 'narrow path/passage'
  • (s)nēbh-ri- 'thin, narrow' 2. sten- 'to narrow, hem in'
  • bheng̑h- 'fat, thick, dense'
  • dheb- 'fat, thick, heavy'
  • gu̯retso- 'big, thick, gross'
  • polo- : pōlo- 'big, fat, thick, swollen'
  • tegu- 'thick, fat'
  • bheng̑h- 'fat, thick, dense'
  • 2. dens- 'dense'
  • dheb- 'fat, thick, heavy'
  • steu̯ə- 'to coagulate, become dense/thick' 2. tenk- 'to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid'
  • k̑iph- 'thin flexible twig/root' 2. lei- 'to dissipate, disappear; thin, weak'
  • 1. (s)ker- 'to shrink, dry out, wrinkle up; dry, thin' tenu-s 'thin'
  • 1. k̑ak- 'to become thin' su̯omb(h)o-s 'porous, spongy, swampy'
  • dheu-b- 'deep, hollow'
  • gu̯ā̆dh- 'to dive, sink, submerge'
  • 1. gu̯ēbh- 'to plunge, dive in'
  • 2. ner- 'below, under'
  • n̥dhos 'under'
  • 2. dhen- 'flat of hand, surface of land, etc.'
  • lēp- 'flat'
  • pelə- 'plane, flat, wide, broad'
  • 1. plā-k- : plə-k- 'flat, wide, broad; spread out'
  • plā̆t- 'flat, wide, broad; spread out'
  • 2. tel- 'flat (board, ground)'
  • antro-m 'cave, hollow'
  • 1. dhel- 'curve; dell, hollow'
  • dheu-b- 'deep, hollow'
  • ereb- 'to drill, make holes, hollow out' gheu̯ei̯ā 'pit, hollow' kaiu̯r̥-t 'cleft, hollow, ravine'
  • kau-l- 'hole, hollow; bone'
  • 3. ner- 'to penetrate; hiding place, hollow' tu̯ī̆bh- 'hollow' tu̯ō[u]- : tu̯əu- : tū-l- 'pipe, tube' (s)kert-s- 'across, straight along' *dəg̑h-mó- 'slanting' dəg̑h-mó-s 'slanting' dhu̯ergh- : drugh- 'crippled, dwarf-like, low in stature'
  • 11. kel- 'to bend; crooked' lerd- 'to twist, shrivel up' leud- 'to lout, bend over, duck down; bent, little, etc.'
  • pando-s 'crooked' 4. (s)kel- 'to bend; crooked'
  • 1. (s)ker- 'to shrink, dry out, wrinkle up; dry, thin' (s)keut- 'to shrink, shrivel up' u̯əg- : u̯āg- 'bent, curved' u̯ək- : *u̯āk- 'bent'
  • u̯e-n-g- 'bent'
  • u̯e-n-gh- 'bent'
  • u̯e-n-k- 'bent' 2. bhedh- 'to flex, bend, crook'
  • keg- 'peg, handle, (grappling) hook'
  • keng- 'peg, handle, (grappling) hook' klēu- 'hook, crook'
  • kan-tho- 'curve, angle, corner'
  • au-lo-s : ēu-l- 'tube, pipe, aulos'
  • gag- 'something round/lumpy'
  • 1. gel- 'to curl, form into ball; round'
  • 7. u̯el- 'to turn, wind; round, voluble'
  • ambhi 'around, at both sides'
  • ebhi? : obhi : bhi 'from, around, (up) to, etc.' g̑herdh- 'to gird, enclose, encompass'
  • 2. me- 'by, with, amidst, around'
  • obhi- 'to, from, around, etc.' ēl- 'line, strip'
  • k̑erdho- 'line, row, herd'
  • 4. ster- 'line, streak, strip, stripe'
  • ghed- 'to defecate; hole, opening'
  • sler- 'chasm' 3. u̯eik- 'to happen, become equal, come together'
  • 1. al- 'beyond; other, alien'
  • 4. au- 'other; that (one)'
  • bhili- 'good, friendly, harmonious'
  • 2. lē̆ig- 'form, appearance; like, similar'
  • 2. mei- 'to change, mutate, exchange'
  • mei-gu̯- 'to (ex)change'
  • 2. mei-t(h)- 'to commute, (ex)change'
  • [an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive]