15. Органы чувств в речи индоевропейца


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Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Пространство | Время | Количество | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники: Покорного | Старостина | Коблера | Уоткинса | Wiki
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Тематический словарь лингвоцентра Техасского ун-та: Природа | Люди | Животные | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Земледелие | Труд | Движение | Ремесла | Пространство | Количество | Время | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь и музыка | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера

Лексикон индоевропейского праязыка на тему чувственного востприятия:


1.1. World

1.21. Earth, Land

sap- 'to taste, savvy, perceive'

  • sent- 'to send, go, choose direction; to sense'
  • speg̑- 'to watch sharply, be attentive'
  • 2. teu- 'to notice, observe, listen to'
  • 8. u̯er- 'to notice, observe, attend, be aware'
  • bhrag- 'to scent, smell'
  • gu̯hrē- 'to scent, smell'
  • neu-ks- 'to scent, smell, sniff'
  • 1. od- 'to smell'
  • bhrag- 'to scent, smell'
  • gu̯hrē- 'to scent, smell'
  • neu-ks- 'to scent, smell, sniff'
  • 1. od- 'to smell'
  • smerd- 'to stink'
  • su̯ek- 'to smell (good)' ang̑hen- 'scent, smell, odor; person' su̯ek- 'to smell (good)' 1. merk- 'to rot' peu̯ə- 'to rot, stink' 2. pū̆- : peu̯ə- 'to rot, stink'
  • smerd- 'to stink'
  • g̑eus- 'to taste, degust, enjoy'
  • mels- 'to taste' sap- 'to taste, savvy, perceive'
  • smeg(h)- 'to smack, taste'
  • g̑eus- 'to taste, degust, enjoy'
  • mels- 'to taste' sap- 'to taste, savvy, perceive'
  • smeg(h)- 'to smack, taste'
  • dl̥kú- 'sweet, dulcet'
  • su̯ād- 'sweet; to enjoy something'
  • sū-ro- 'sour, bitter, salty; cheese'
  • ai-tro- 'sharp, bitter' ai-tro- 'sharp, bitter' ālu- 'a bitter plant?' alu- 'bitter; ale, beer'
  • bhroisqo- 'bitter' om- 'raw, coarse, bitter'
  • sū-ro- 'sour, bitter, salty; cheese'
  • ku̯at(h)- 'to ferment, become sour'
  • sū-ro- 'sour, bitter, salty; cheese'
  • ghous- 'to sound, hear' 1. keu- 'to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to'
  • 1. k̑leu- 'to hear, listen'
  • 1. keu- 'to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to'
  • 1. k̑leu- 'to hear, listen'
  • 1. ku̯ei(-t)- 'to observe with respect, pay attention to'
  • speg̑- 'to watch sharply, be attentive'
  • 2. teu- 'to notice, observe, listen to'
  • 1. au- 'ow! (exclamation of pain)'
  • baˣmb- '(type of noise)' bau 'bow-wow (onomatopoeic: dog barking)'
  • bē 'baa (onomatopoeic: sheep bleating)' 1. b(e)u- '(onomatopoeic: dull noise)'
  • blē- 'to bleat' 6. bhel- 'to speak, bell, bellow, resound'
  • 4. bher- 'to hum, buzz'
  • bhereg- '(onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)'
  • 2. bherem- 'to hum, buzz, drone'
  • bhlē- 'to bleat, weep, howl'
  • bhlos-q- '(onomatopoeic: to bark, cry, roar, etc.)' 3. bhreus- 'to boil, sound, etc.'
  • 2. der- '(onomatopoeic: to mutter, grumble)'
  • deup- : kteup-? '(onomotopoeic: dull thud)' 3. dher- '(onomatopoeic: to drone, growl, purr, etc.)'
  • dhu̯en- 'to hum, drone'
  • 2. ē 'oh (vocative interjection)'
  • ehem 'aha! oho! (exclamation)'
  • 4. el- '(a noise)'
  • epop '(onomatopoeic: call of hoopoe bird)' 2. ger- '(onomatopoeic: to crow, shriek, etc.)'
  • 1. gher- '(onomatopoeic: to snarl, rattle, etc.)'
  • g̑hlād- 'to call, sound' ghous- 'to sound, hear' g̑hu̯en- 'to sound' kāk- 'to croak; cracking sound' kan- 'to sing, chant, sound'
  • kā̆u- 'to howl'
  • 2. kem- 'to hum, buzz, croon'
  • 1. ker- '(onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)'
  • kneug- '(onomatopoeic: to growl, whimper)' koi- '(creaking noise)' ko ko '(onomatopoeic: sound of cock/hen)' k̑re- '(hoarse sound)' kreb- '(hoarse sound)' 2. kreg- '(hoarse sound)' 2. krei- '(hoarse sound)' 3. krek- '(hoarse sound)' 2. krep- '(hoarse sound)' 4. kreu- '(hoarse sound)' kuku '(onomatopoeic: to coo, cuckoo)'
  • ku̯ak- '(onomatopoeic: to quack, croak)'
  • 2. k̑u̯ei- 'to hiss, twitter, whistle, etc.'
  • 1. lā- '(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)'
  • lē- '(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)' 1. lep- '(onomatopoeic root)' 3. lēu- '(onomatopoeic: to bark, howl, etc.)'
  • 6. mei- '(onomatopoeic: high thin sound)' mek- '(onomatopoeic: to bleat)' mormor- 'to murmur (dully)'
  • 1. mū̆- '(onomatopoeic: to moo, hum, etc.)'
  • 2. ned- 'to roar, sound, bellow' pī̆p(p)- 'to peep, squeak'
  • rā̆s- 'to cry, (re)sound'
  • reibh- '(onomatopoeic: to resound?)' 1. reu- '(onomatopoeic: to roar, rout, round, etc.)'
  • 5. (s)ku̯el- 'to call, resound' 5. (s)ker- '(onomatopoeic: hoarse sound)' (s)lr̥g- '(onomatopoeic: to swallow)' 1. (s)ner- 'to snarl, growl'
  • srenk- 'to snore'
  • 1. (s)ten- 'to drone, groan, thunder, etc.'
  • 3. (s)treig- 'to hiss'
  • 1. sūs- 'to whistle (of wind)' su̯en- 'to sound, resound'
  • 2. su̯er- 'to buzz, hiss'
  • 2. ten- 'to drone, groan, thunder, etc.' tet(e)r- '(onomatopoeic: to quack)' ti-ti- '(onomatopoeic: chirping of small bird)' treig- 'to hiss' tu '(onomatopoeic: chirping of bird)'
  • 1. u- '(onomatopoeic: owl's hoot, etc.)' 2. u- 'ooh! (interjection of pain)' ul- '(onomatopoeic: to howl, ululate)'
  • 2. u̯ī̆- '(onomatopoeic root)' 6. bhel- 'to speak, bell, bellow, resound'
  • bhlē- 'to bleat, weep, howl'
  • tor- 'loud, distinct, audible'
  • der(ep)- 'to see?'
  • dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- 'to look, see, show'
  • 1. keu- 'to see, hear, observe, hearken, attend to'
  • ku̯ek̑- 'to see, show, appear'
  • leuk- 'to light, shine; see'
  • oku̯- 'to see, ogle; eye'
  • prep- 'to catch sight of'
  • 2. reg- 'to see'
  • 2. seku̯- 'to see, notice; show, say, speak'
  • 2. u̯(e)id- 'to vide, see, wit, know'
  • 1. u̯el- 'to see'
  • 8. u̯er- 'to notice, observe, attend, be aware'
  • derk̑- 'to look'
  • dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- 'to look, see, show'
  • g̑hu̯elg- 'to glance, look at' 1. ku̯ei(-t)- 'to observe with respect, pay attention to'
  • 4. (s)keu- 'to notice, observe, pay attention to' speg̑- 'to watch sharply, be attentive'
  • spek̑- 'to watch, inspect, spy on'
  • stilp- 'to shine; to look, show'
  • 8. u̯er- 'to notice, observe, attend, be aware'
  • 8. mel- 'to appear, come forth' deik̑- 'to teach, show'
  • dhei̯ə- : dhi̯ā- : dhī- 'to look, see, show'
  • g̑ā̆b- 'to show, watch out for' g̑eu- 'to hurry, promote'
  • k̑rei- 'to appear, show forth'
  • ku̯ek̑- 'to see, show, appear'
  • 8. mel- 'to appear, come forth' mendh- 'to direct attention to; vivacious'
  • pā̆r- 'to show, be visible'
  • pləi- 'to broaden, show off' 2. seku̯- 'to see, notice; show, say, speak'
  • stilp- 'to shine; to look, show'
  • 4. ā̆i- 'to burn, shine'
  • ai-dh- 'to burn, shine'
  • aisk- 'clear, bright, shining'
  • au̯es- 'to shine'
  • aug- 'to shine, gleam, glitter'
  • 1. bhā- 'to shine, glisten'
  • 2. bhāu- 'to shine, glisten' bhebhru- 'glittering; bright brown' bheigu̯- 'to shine, glitter?'
  • 1. bhel- 'glittering white'
  • bheleg- 'to shine, glisten'
  • 5. bher- 'shining; bright brown'
  • bherəg̑- 'to shine; bright, white'
  • bherək̑- 'to shine, glitter'
  • 1. bhlē̆i- : bhləi- : bhlī- 'to shine, glitter'
  • bhlē̆ig̑- 'to shine, glitter'
  • bhleiq- 'to shine, glitter' bhles- 'to shine, glitter'
  • 1. bhlēu- : bhləu- : bhlū- 'to shine, glitter'
  • 1. dei- 'to shine, glitter; day, sun; god, deity'
  • 2. dhel- 'to light; shining'
  • 3. dheu- 'to shine brightly' erku̯- 'to beam, shine; to praise' g̑el- 'bright; to shine, be joyful'
  • 1. g̑hel- 'to shine, glare, glow; gold, yellow, bright color'
  • 3. g̑her- 'to beam, shine, shimmer'
  • *gu̯hēi- : gu̯həi- 'bright, shining'
  • g̑hu̯oigu̯- 'to shine; star'
  • g̑hu̯ōku̯- 'to shine, shimmer' 2. k̑ad- 'to shine, sparkle' 4. kāi-d- 'bright, shining' kāi-t- 'bright, shining' kand- 'to glow, shine; bright, candent'
  • 2. k̑eu- 'to shine, be bright'
  • k̑euk- 'to glow, shine, be bright white'
  • 3. k̑uei- 'to shine; white'
  • lā[i]p- 'to burn, shine'
  • leuk- 'to light, shine; see'
  • meigh- 'to flicker, twinkle; mist' meis- 'to flicker, twinkle; mist' 2. mer- 'to flicker, shimmer'
  • 2. nei- 'to be moved, excited; to shine'
  • sk̑āi- 'to shine/shimmer dully; shadow'
  • (s)kand- 'to glow; bright' 2. (s)p(h)el- 'to shine, glitter'
  • sp(h)eng- 'to shine, glitter'
  • stilp- 'to shine; to look, show'
  • 1. su̯eid- 'to shine, glisten'
  • 2. tu̯ei- 'to shake, excite, move back and forth, shimmer'
  • 9. u̯es- 'to shine' u̯lek- 'to light, shine; fiery' aisk- 'clear, bright, shining'
  • bhebhru- 'glittering; bright brown' 5. bher- 'shining; bright brown'
  • bherəg̑- 'to shine; bright, white'
  • 3. dheu- 'to shine brightly' 3. ei- 'bright; reddish'
  • g̑el- 'bright; to shine, be joyful'
  • ghlādh- 'bright, brilliant' *gu̯hēi- : gu̯həi- 'bright, shining'
  • 4. kāi-d- 'bright, shining' kai-lo- 'bright; hale, whole, healthy'
  • kāi-t- 'bright, shining' kand- 'to glow, shine; bright, candent'
  • 2. k̑eu- 'to shine, be bright'
  • k̑euk- 'to glow, shine, be bright white'
  • k̑sē̆-ro- 'dry, xeric, bright (of weather)'
  • 2. rei- 'spotted, speckled, brightly variegated'
  • (s)kāi- 'bright, shining'
  • (s)kand- 'to glow; bright' dhrono- 'multicolored?' 4. kel- 'light and dark spots' k̑erbero- 'checkered, variegated' k̑ē-ro- 'colorful (or a color term)' 1. peig- 'colored, speckled'
  • 2. perk̑- 'spotted, speckled'
  • 2. rei- 'spotted, speckled, brightly variegated'
  • 6. al- 'white, gleaming' bhlē-u̯o-s 'a light color (blue, yellow)'
  • bhləido-s 'pale, light' k̑as- 'gray'
  • 6. pel- 'gray, dull color; pallor'
  • 2. sal- 'gray, dirty, sallow'
  • 2. smel- 'gray'
  • bhebhru- 'glittering; bright brown' 5. bher- 'shining; bright brown'
  • ē̆reb(h)- '(dark color, reddish brown)'
  • 2. k̑ei- '(dark color: brown, gray)'
  • 6. ker- 'dirty, dark-colored, etc.' kers- 'black, dirty; dark color'
  • 6. mel- 'dark color (black, dirty, etc.)'
  • 3. mer- 'to blacken; dark color, dirt spot' neuk- 'dark, unclear, indistinct' 5. rē- 'dark' su̯ordo-s 'black, swarthy; dark/dirty color'
  • tem(ə)- 'dark'
  • 6. al- 'white, gleaming' albho- 'white, albino'
  • ar(e)-g̑- 'white, argent, glittering'
  • 1. bhel- 'glittering white'
  • bherəg̑- 'to shine; bright, white'
  • k̑as- 'gray'
  • k̑euk- 'to glow, shine, be bright white'
  • 3. k̑uei- 'to shine; white'
  • 6. pel- 'gray, dull color; pallor'
  • 2. sal- 'gray, dirty, sallow'
  • 2. smel- 'gray'
  • stru- 'gray-haired, old (man)' ames- 'blackbird: merl, ousel'
  • īl- 'dirt, mud; black' kers- 'black, dirty; dark color'
  • 2. leu-g- : lu-g- : lū-g- 'blackish; swamp' 6. mel- 'dark color (black, dirty, etc.)'
  • 3. mer- 'to blacken; dark color, dirt spot' n̥si- 'black, dirty' su̯ordo-s 'black, swarthy; dark/dirty color'
  • bhlendh- 'dim, pale, blond, reddish'
  • 3. ei- 'bright; reddish'
  • 1. el- 'red, brown'
  • ē̆reb(h)- '(dark color, reddish brown)'
  • reudh- 'red'
  • 3. ser- 'red'
  • bhlē-u̯o-s 'a light color (blue, yellow)'
  • modhro- 'blue; madder'
  • (s)lī- : sləi- 'livid, bluish'
  • dhā̆l- 'to bloom, be green'
  • ghrē- : ghrō- : ghrə- 'to grow, become green'
  • iēlo- : i̯əlo- 'raw, unripe' k̑ēko- 'green grass/fodder' badi̯os 'bay, brown; gold, yellow'
  • bhlendh- 'dim, pale, blond, reddish'
  • bhlē-u̯o-s 'a light color (blue, yellow)'
  • kenəkó- 'golden, honey-colored'
  • 1. dhā̆bh- 'to be speechless, astonished; to dab, be touched, affected'
  • dheugh- 'to milk, press, touch'
  • 1. krei- 'to brush, stroke, touch'
  • tag- 'to grip, seize, touch'
  • bhares- 'point, bristle, stubble (with formants)'
  • deru- 'firm, solid; tree, wood'
  • dherebh- 'to harden; coagulated'
  • dhrigh- 'hair, bristle' 7. g̑her- 'to stiffen, stand out' g̑hers- 'to stiffen, bristle, stand out'
  • 1. kal- 'hard, callous; blister'
  • 3. kar- 'hard'
  • 1. k̑er(s)- 'bristle, stiff hair'
  • stē̆ib(h)- 'stick, pole, stake; stiff'
  • 1. (s)ter- 'stark, stiff, solid, rigid, etc.'
  • 2. streig- 'taut, stiff, strict; to twist; rope'
  • 2. tenk- 'to clot, thicken, contract; tight, solid'
  • 7. ter- 'stiff, rigid, solid, etc.' bhleus- 'mild, weak' gleg̑- 'soft, tender' 7. mēi- : mōi- : mī- 'mild, soft'
  • su̯omb(h)o-s 'porous, spongy, swampy'
  • bhorgu̯o-s 'gruff, unfriendly' kerk̑- : kork̑- : kr̥k̑- 'to wrinkle, shrivel up' trū̆des- 'scratchy; leprosy?' lerg- 'even, smooth, slippery' 2. ak̑- 'sharp, acute, angular; stone'
  • andher- 'stem, spike' bend- 'spike, needle, tip jutting out'
  • 2. bhag- 'sharp' bheid- 'to bite, prick, pierce, split'
  • 3. bher- 'to bore, cut, scrape, use sharp tool'
  • dhō- 'to sharpen' glōgh- : gləgh- 'barb, spike'
  • k̑ē(i)- : k̑ō(i)- : k̑ə(i)- 'to hone, whet, sharpen'
  • k̑eub- 'thorn' k̑ū- 'sharp, pointed; pike, stake' pēu- : pəu- : pū̆- 'to hit; sharp'
  • 3. pū̆- 'to hit; sharp' 1. (s)p(h)ē̆i- : (s)p(h)ī̆- 'sharp/pointed stick: spile, spit, etc.'
  • sraku̯-to- 'sharp-edged' (s)tei- 'sharp, pointed; spike, style, stylus'
  • (s)teig- 'to stick, prick; sharp'
  • 7. (s)ter-n- 'thorn, prickly stalk'
  • tei- 'sharp, pointed; spike' teig- 'to prick, stick; sharp' 1. u̯rā̆g̑h- : u̯rəg̑h- 'spike, thorn' dheb- 'fat, thick, heavy'
  • enos- 'onus, burden'
  • 2. gu̯er- 'grave, heavy'
  • smog- 'heavy, burdensome' su̯enk- 'heavy; pregnant'
  • 5. su̯er- 'heavy' bholo- 'mist, smoke, steam?' 2. enebh- : nebh- 'wet, damp; cloud, nimbus; water'
  • ered- 'to flow away; dampness' grem- 'to be damp; to sink'
  • klep- 'wet, damp' lat- 'wet, damp; swamp'
  • 1. lendh- 'spring (of water), wetness' mad- 'to drip; wet; fat, glossy, well-fed'
  • 1. mā̆k- 'wet, damp; to soak'
  • mā-no- 'wet, damp'
  • 2. melk- 'wet'
  • meregh- 'to soak, moisten, drizzle'
  • 1. meu- 'wet, damp; to wash; dirt, mud, mire'
  • 2. nebh- 'wet, damp; clouds; water'
  • 2. pen- 'mud, fen, swamp, water; wet'
  • 1. per- 'to spray, sprinkle, drizzle'
  • pers- 'to spray, sprinkle, drizzle; dust, ashes' 2. reg̑- 'damp; rain'
  • sei- 'to drip, be damp'
  • sk̑lēk- 'to spray, sprinkle; wet' snā- 'to flow, swim; damp'
  • sneu- 'to flow, swim; damp' 1. teng- 'to dunk, soak, wet'
  • trii̯əto- 'sea; wet, watery' u̯egu̯- : ū̆gu̯- 'damp, moist; to wet, sprinkle, irrigate; ox'
  • 2. u̯elk- 'wet, damp'
  • 10. u̯er- 'to flow; wet; water, river, etc.' 3. u̯es- 'to ooze, dampen; wet'
  • 10. kel- 'to dry out' k̑sē̆-ro- 'dry, xeric, bright (of weather)'
  • saus- 'sere, dry'
  • 1. sek- 'to run off, dry out (re: water)' senk- 'to singe, burn, dry'
  • 3. (s)kel- 'to parch, dessicate, dry out'
  • 1. (s)ker- 'to shrink, dry out, wrinkle up; dry, thin' ters- 'to toast, dry; thirst'
  • g̑u̯er- 'to burn, be hot'
  • gu̯her- 'warm, hot'
  • 3. kā̆i- 'heat'
  • 1. k̑el- 'cold; warm, caloric'
  • 7. pel- 'to burn, be warm'
  • tep- 'to be warm, tepid'
  • 6. u̯el- 'warm' algh- 'cold, frost, algidity'
  • 3. gel(ə)- 'cool, cold; to keel, freeze'
  • 1. k̑el- 'cold; warm, caloric'
  • oug- 'cold' preus- 'to burn, freeze'
  • srīg- 'cold, frost'
  • 2. k̑leu- : *k̑lō[u]- : k̑lū- 'to clean, rinse, swill'
  • 1. peu- 'to sift, clean, purge, purify'
  • pougo- 'pure, clear' tāg- 'to tidy up'
  • 1. dher- 'dirt, dreg, some type of deposit'
  • gu̯or-gu̯(or)o- 'dirt, dung' gu̯ōu- 'dirt, dung'
  • 6. ker- 'dirty, dark-colored, etc.' kers- 'black, dirty; dark color'
  • 1. k̑u̯ei- 'dirt, mud; to defile' 1. leu- 'dirt'
  • 6. mel- 'dark color (black, dirty, etc.)'
  • 3. mer- 'to blacken; dark color, dirt spot' n̥si- 'black, dirty' 2. sal- 'gray, dirty, sallow'
  • sreup- 'dirty, scabby' 8. (s)ter- 'dung, stercory, dirty water; to rot, befoul'
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