Таблица индоевропейских корней

Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жильё | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Простр-во | Время | Кол-во | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общество | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский ПИЕ корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский Рус.-ПИЕ словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники (по авторам): Покорный | Старостин | Коблер | Уоткинс | Wiki

Лексика праязыков и.-е. ветвей: Алб. | Анат. | Арийск. | Арм.-фр. | Балт. | Герм. | Гр.-мак. | Илл.-вен. | Итал. | Кельт. | Слав. | Тох. |
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гал. | Гот. | Др.-гр. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-мак. | Др.-перс. | Илл. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-сл. | Тох. | Умб. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хет. | Ятв.

ГАРШИН Игорь Константинович, бизнес-аналитик, Каспийский Трубопроводный Консорциум, Россия, Новороссийск. E-mail: garchine@mail.ru.

Оглавление


1. Введение

Корневую систему любого языка можно представить в виде инициалей и финалей. Почти все языки имеют определённую морфонологию, поэтому такая таблица будет компактным представлением лексических элементов языка. Для индоевропейского праязыка фономорфология определяется законами Жюкуа и другими фонетическими правилами, жестко формирующими структуру праиндоевропейского корня.

2. Список индоевропейских корней

*A

  1 a:   interjection
  2 ab   'water, river'
  3 a:>bel, a:>bo:l, abel   'apple'
  4 abh   'quick, abrupt'
  5 abhro   'strong, mighty',
  6 abo:(n)   'ape'
  7 ad1   'to, by, at'
  8 ad2   'to establish, put in order',
  9 ades, ados   'sort of cereal'
  10 ad(u), adro   'water current'
  11 ag'   'lead, drive'
  12 a:>g'   'goat'
  13 ag'h   'plough animal'
  14 a:>g'her   'day'
  15 agh   'to fear'
  16 agh(lo)   'disgusting'
  17 aghl(u)   'cloud, rainy weather'
  18 agos   'fault, sin'
  19 agro   'top, first, beginning'
  20 ag'ros   'field'
  21 agv(e)si:   'axe'
  22 agwhnos   'lamb'

  23 ai   'exclamation'
  24 ai2   'drive, overwhelm, harm'
  25 ai3   'give'
  26 aiti,   'part'
  27 a:>i4   'to burn'
  28 ai5 : oi   'important speech'

  29 aid   'to swell, string'
  30 aidh,   'to burn'
  31 a:>ier,   'day, morning'
  32 aig'   'goat'
  33 aig1,   'dispirited, sick, ill'
  34 aig2   'oak'
  35 aig3   'shake, swing, vibrate'
  36 aigwh   'be ashamed'
  37 a:(i)g'h   'need, want'
  38 a:>ik'   'spike, spear'
  39 aik   'hail, invoke'
  40 ayos   'metal, ore'
  41 aira:   'kind of grass;
  42 ais1   'wish for, seek'
  43 ais2   'be in awe of, worship;,
  44 aisk   'clear, bright, gleaming'
  45 aitro   'bitter, sharp'
  46 aiv,   'vital energy'
  47 ak'1,   'eat',
  48 ak',   'sharp; stone'
  49 akka:   'mummy'
  50 ak'ru   'tear'
  51 akw   'injure'
  52 akwa:   'water, river'

  53 al1,   Pron.-St. 'over, above, besides, out'
  54 al2   'grow, bear'
  55 a:>l3   'wander, roam'
  56 al4   'burn'
  57 al5   'grind, crush'
  58 al6,   'white, gleaming'
  59 ala:   'hello'

  60 albhi   'barley'
  61 albho   'white'
  62 aldh   'trough'
  63 aleq   'protect, ward off'
  64 algh   'frost, cold'
  65 algwh   'earn, price, value'
  66 alp   'small, weak'
  67 a:lu,   'bitter plant?'
  68 alu   'bitter, beer, alum'
  69 ambhi,   'about, on both sides'
  70 am1,   'grab'
  71 am2,   'mow'
  72 a:mer   'day'
  73 ames   'blackbird'
  74 am@   'proceed energetically'
  75 am(m)a,   'mummy'
  76 an1   'ancestor'
  77 an2   'there, on the other side'
  78 an(@)3   'breathe'
  79 an4, anu, ano:, no:   'along' (a surface)
  80 andh,   'grow, bloom, blossom'
  81 andher,   'stem, spike
  82 andho   'blind, dark'
  83 an@t   'duck'
  84 an@ta:   'doorpost'
  85 ang'h   'narrow'
  86 ang'hen   'smell, odour, person'
  87 angw(h)i   'snake, worm'
  88 ank1   'need, necessity'
  89 ank2,   'bend, bow'
  90 a:no   'ring'
  91 ans   'favourable'
  92 ansa:,   'noose, snare'
  93 ansu,   'ghost, demon'
  94 ants   'forward, before, outer side'
  95 antrom   'cave, hole'
  96 ap1   'take, grab, reach'
  97 a:>p2   'water, river'
  98 ap3,   'old; damage'
  99 appa   'daddy'
  100 apelo   'strength'
  101 a:pero   'shore'
  102 apo   from, out, of'
  103 apsa:   'asp'
  104 ar1*,   'move, pass'
  105 ar2   'distribute'
  106 ar3   'nut'
  107 ar4 (er, or?), .r   'now, alos, interrogative particle'
  108 ar5   'refuse, lie'
  109 ar(@)   'plough'
  110 ardh   'pole'
  111 ardi, .rdi   'point, edge'
  112 areg   'lock'
  113 ar(e)g'   'glittering, white'
  114 areq   'guard, lock'
  115 arenko   'kind of cereal'
  116 ario?   'master, lord'
  117 arqu   'bent thing'
  118 aro:d,   'type of waterbird'
  119 arom   'reed'
  120 arva:   'intestines'
  121 a:>s   'burn'
  122 ast(h)   'bone'
  123 at   'go; year'
  124 a:t(e)r   'fire'
  125 *ati,   'fish, type of'
  126 ati, ato   'over, etc.'
  127 a:>tos, atta   'daddy, mummy'

  128 au1   'cry of pain'
  129 au2,   'spend the night, sleep'
  130 au3   'from, way, of, down?'
  131 au4,   'that, other'
  132 av5,   'weave'
  133 av6,   'speak'
  134 av7,   'like, help'
  135 av8,   'to perceive, understand'
  136 av(e)9,   'flow, wet, water, etc.'
  137 av(e)10,   'blow'
  138 ave:11   'try, force'

  139 aveg, vo:g, aug, ug   'magnify, increase'
  140 avei   'bird'
  141 aves   'to shine, gold'
  142 aug   'glance, see'
  143 augh, ugh   'nape'
  144 avig'   'type of grass, oats'
  145 auqw(h)   'cooking pot'
  146 aulos   'tube, hole'
  147 avos   'maternal grandfather'
  148 aus   'draw, scoop'

*B

  149 baxb, bhaxbh, paxp   'to swell'
  150 baba   'barbaric speech'
  151 badyos   'gold, brown'
  152 baita:   'goatskin'
  153 bak   'stick, to hit'
  154 bal, balbal   'shake, dance'
  155 balbal   'stammer'
  156 baxmb   'kind of noise'
  157 baxmb, bhaxmbh, paxmp, phaxmph   'to swell'
  158 band   'drop'
  159 barbar   'barbaric speech'
  160 bata   'murmur, babble'
  161 bau   'sound of barking'
  162 bdel   'suck'
  163 be:, ba:   'baa'
  164 bed   'swell'?
  165 bel1   'cut off'
  166 bel2   'strong'
  167 bend,   'spike, needle etc.'
  168 b(e)u1,   sound of hitting
  169 b(e)u2, bh(e)u:>   'swell, puff'

  170 bis(t)li   'gall'?
  171 blat   'chat'
  172 ble:   'to bleat'
  173 blou   'flea'
  174 bol   'bulb'
  175 brangh,   'hoarse'?
  176 breuq   'to jump'
  177 bronk   'to lock'
  178 bu   'lip, kiss'

*BH

  179 bha:1   'shine'
  180 bha:2   'speak'
  181 bhabha:   'bean'
  182 bha:>d   'good'
  183 bhag1   'divide'
  184 bhag2   'sharp'
  185 bha:go/s   'beech'
  186 bha:>gh   See Root 279
  187 bha:ghu/s   'elbow, forearm'
  188 bhar   'bristle, stubble, sharp point'
  189 bharu,    '(fir-)tree, forest'
  190 bhares   'point, stuble'
  191 bhardha:   'beard'
  192 bharekw   'to stuff'
  193 bhares   'barley'
  194 bhasko   'bundle, heap'
  195 bha:so   'a kind of large bird of prey'
  196 bha:t   'hit'
  197 bha:>u1   'hit'
  198 bha:u2   'shining'

  199 b(h)e1, b(h)eg^h   'outside, without'

  200 bhe:>2   A kind of grammatical particle
  201 bhe:   'to warm, to fry'
  202 bhebhru   'beaver'?
  203 bhedh1   'pierce, dig'
  204 bhedh2   'bow, bend'
  205 bheg, bheng   'break'
  206 bhe:gh   'dispute'
  207 bhegw   'run'
  208 bhei   'bee'
  209 bheid   'prick, pierce'
  210 bheidh1   'advise, force'
  211 bheidh2   See Root 255.
  212 bhei(@)   'hit'
  213 bheigw   'shine'?
  214 bhel1   'shining, white'
  215 bhel2   in names of henbane
  216 bhel3   'grow, spread, swell'
  217 bhel4   'leaf, bloom'
  218 bhel5   'balk'
  219 bhel6   'sound, speak'
  220 bh(e)la:g   'weak, ridiculous'
  221 bheld   'knock, hit'
  222 bheleg   'shine'
  223 bheleu   'to hit; weak, ill'
  224 bhelg'h   'swell'
  225 bhen   'hit, wound'
  226 bhend   'sing, rejoice'
  227 bhendh   'bind'
  228 bheng'h,   'thick, fat'
  229 bher1   'bear, carry'
  230 bher2   'boil, swell'
  231 bher3   'scrape, cut'
  232 bher4   'roar, buzz'
  233 bher5   'shining; brown'
  234 bher6   'roast, cook'
  235 bher7   'weave'
  236 bheredh   'cut; board'
  237 bhereg   expr. to sound, roar, cry etc.
  238 bher@g', bhre:g'   'shine', white'
  239 bhereg'h   'high; mountain'
  240 bher@k', bhre:k'   'shine'
  241 bherem1   'stick out,; edge, hem'
  242 bherem2   'buzz, drone'
  243 bheres   'quick'
  244 bh(e)reu   'boil, be wild'
  245 bherg'h   'hide, keep'
  246 bherug   'throat'
  247 bhes1   'smear, spread'
  248 bhes2   'blow'
  249 bheu   'to be; to grow'
  250 bheudh   'be awake'
  251 bheug1   'flee'
  252 bheug2   'to clear away, free'
  253 bheug3   'to bow'
  254 bheug4   'enjoy'
  255 bhidh   'vessel, cauldron'
  256 bhili   'harmonious, friendly'
  257 bhlag'   'to hit'
  258 bhlaghmen   'priest'
  259 bhle:   'howl, weep'
  260 bhle:>d   'to boil; to chatter, boast'
  261 bhlegw   'to swell'
  262 bhle:>i1   'to shine'
  263 bhlei2   'to swell'
  264 bhle:>ig'   'to shine'
  265 bhleiq   'to shine'
  266 bhlendh   'pale, reddish'
  267 bhles   'to shine'
  268 bhleu   'to blow; to swell, flow'
  269 bhle:u1   'to shine'
  270 bhle:u2   'bad'
  271 bhleu(k),   'burn'
  272 bhle:vos   'colour (light - blue, gold)'
  273 bhleus   'weak, mild'
  274 bhl@idos   'pale'
  275 bhli:g'   'to hit'
  276 bhlo:>k   'wool, cloth'
  277 bhlosq   expr.
  278 bhog   'running water'
  279 bho:>gh   'lowland, swamp'
  280 bho:i   'to fear'
  281 bhok   'to flame, burn'
  282 bholo   'smoke, steam'?
  283 bhorgwos   'unfriendly'
  284 bhosos   'naked'
  285 bhoudhi   'victory'?
  286 bhoukwos   'kind of buzzing insect'
  287 bhrag   'to smell, scent'
  288 bhra:/ter   'brother'
  289 bhred(h?)   'to wade, wander'
  290 bhreg'1   'to break'
  291 bhreg'2   'to stand up stiff'
  292 bhre:i   'to cut'
  293 bhren   'bulge'
  294 bhrendh   'swell up; be pregnant, set (of fruit)'
  295 bhrenk   'bring'
  296 bhre(n)k'   'to be ensnared'
  297 bhrentos   'antler-bearer, herdsman'
  298 bhres   'burst'
  299 bhreu   'to swell, to sprout'
  300 bhre:>u1   'cut'
  301 bhre:u2   'edge'
  302 bhreuk'   'to strike; to throw'
  303 bhreus1   'to swell'
  304 bhreus2   'to break'
  305 bhreus3   'to boil; to sound'
  306 bhroisqo   'bitter'
  307 bhru:1   'eyebrow'
  308 bhru:2   'beam, bridge'
  309 bhru:g   'fruit, enjoy'
  310 bhrughno   'twig'
  311 bhudhm(e)n   'bottom'
  312 bhu:>g'os   'buck'

*D

  313 da:   'to flow; river'
  314 da:   'to share, divide'
  315 da:ive:r   'bother-in-law'
  316 dak'ru   'tears'
  317 da:u   '1. burn 2. destroy, destructive'
  318 *d@g'hmo/   'slanting'
  319 de   a demonstrative stem
  320 de:   'to bind'
  321 de:g   'grab'?
  322 dei1   'to shine; day; sun; God'
  323 dey@2   'to swing, move'
  324 deig'h   'to prick; tick'
  325 deik'   'to show'
  326 dek'1   'to take'
  327 dek'2   'to tear'
  328 dek'.m   'ten'
  329 del1   'to put by; to count, tell'
  330 del2   'to shake'
  331 del3   'to split, divide'
  332 del4   'dribble'
  333 del5   'long'
  334 dem   'to build; house'
  335 dom@   'to tame'
  336 demel   'worm'
  337 denk'   'to bite'
  338 dens1   'talent, force of mind; to learn'
  339 dens2   'dense'
  340 deph   'to stamp, push'
  341 der1   'hand span'
  342 derder   'to mumrmur, chat'
  343 dra:, dreb, drem, dreu   'to run'
  344 der   'to cut, split, skin'
  345 derbh   'to wind, put together'
  346 der(ep)   'to see'?
  347 der@   'to work'
  348 dergh   'to grasp'
  349 derk'   'to look'
  350 deru   'tree'
  351 des   'find'
  352 deu1   'to plunge into, penetrate'
  353 du   'to worship; mighty'
  354 deu3   'to move forward, pass'
  355 deuk   'to drag'
  356 deup   thudding sound
  357 d@g'hmo/s   'slant'
  358 digh   'goat'
  359 di:>pro   'cattle'
  360 d.lku/   'sweet'
  361 d.ng'hu:   'tongue'
  362 do:   'give'
  363 dous   'arm'
  364 dre:   'to sleep'
  365 dreg'h   'unwilling, displeased'
  366 dumb   'penis, tail'
  367 dus   'evil, bad, mis-'

*DV

  368 dvei   'fear'
  369 dvo:(u)   'two'

*DH

  370 dha:>bh1   'to be astonished, speechless'
  371 dhabh2   'fix, suit'
  372 dha:>l   'to blossom, be green'
  373 dhanu   'a kind of tree'
  374 dhau   'to press'
  375 dhe:1   'grandad, grandma'
  376 dhe:2   'to put, place'
  377 dhe:3   'to disapear'?
  378 dheb   'fat, heavy'
  379 dhebh   'to harm'
  380 dhegwh   'burn'
  381 dhe:(i)   'to suck'
  382 dhey@   'to see, to show'
  383 dhe:igw   'to stick, plant'
  384 dheig'h   'to knead; to build'
  385 dhel1   'curve, hollow'
  386 dhel2   'light, shining'
  387 dhel3   'to tremble'
  388 dhelbh   'dig'
  389 dhelg   'to stick; needle'
  390 dhelgh   'to hit'
  391 dhem   'fly like dust'
  392 dh.mbh   'to dig'
  393 dhen1   'to run'
  394 dhen2   'flat of the hand'
  395 dhen3   'to hit, push'
  396 dhengh1   'to press; to cover'
  397 dhengh2   'to get, grip'
  398 dher1   'deposit, dregs'
  399 dher2   'to hold, support'
  400 dher3   expr. (to purr, mumur etc.)
  401 dhor   'to jump (at)'
  402 dher5   'defecate'
  403 dhera:gh   'to pull, drag'
  404 dherbh   'to work'
  405 dherebh   'to harden'
  406 dheregh   'thorn'?
  407 dhereg'h   'to wind, turn'
  408 dhers   'dare'
  409 dhe:s   a root used in religions terms
  410 dheu1   'to run'
  411 dheu2   'to vanish, faint, die'
  412 dheu3   'shining, to shine'
  413 dheu4   'fly about'
  414 dheub   'deep, hollow'
  415 dheubh   'spike, wedge'
  416 dheves   'fly about'
  417 dheugh   'to touch, press, milk'
  418 dhlas   'squeeze, press'
  419 dh.lgh   'debt'
  420 dho:   'sharp'
  421 dho:[u]   'rope'?
  422 dhrebh   'crush,grind'
  423 dhreg'   'to pull'
  424 dhregh1   'to run'
  425 dhregh2   'to be in pain, to suffer'
  426 dhreibh   'drive, thrust'
  427 dhreu   'to crumble, grind'
  428 dhreugh1   'to tremble, shake'
  429 dhreugh2   'deceive, harm'
  430 dhrigh   'hair, bristle'
  431 dhrono   'multicoloured'
  432 dhug(h)@ter   'daughter'

*DHV

  433 dhven   'to hum'
  434 dhver   'to ruin by deception'
  435 dhve:>r   'door'
  436 dhvergh   'dwarf-like'

*E

  437 e:> 1   an adverbial/nominal particle
  438 e: 2,   'O (vocative)'
  439 e3   'this, etc.; one'

  440 obhi   'around, from, to, etc.'

  441 ed   'eat'
  442 edh   'sharp'
  443 edh2   'fence of stakes'
  444 eg   'lack (n.)'
  445 e:g'   'to say, speak'
  446 eg'   'I',
  447 eg'hero   'lake'
  448 eg'hi   'hedgehog'
  449 eg'hs   'of, out, from'
  450 egnis   'fire'
  452 ei   'go'
  453 e:>i   vocative particle
  454 ei3   'multicoloured, reddish'
  455 ei4   'pole, thill'
  456 eibh   'to copulate'
  457 eig   'to complain, entreat'
  458 e:ik   'to possess; to be capable'
  459 eis1   'to move rapidly'
  460 eis2, ein   'ice'
  461 ek'vos   'horse'

  462 el1   'red, brown'
  463 el2   'to lie down'
  464 el3   'to rot'
  465 el4   expressive root
  466 el5   'destroy'
  467 el6   'drive'
  468 el7   'hungry, bad;
  469 el8   'to bow, bend; elbow'
  470 e:l   'line'
  471 e:la:   'bodkin'

  472 elg   'miserable, poor'
  473 elk   'hungry, bad'
  474 elkos   'boil'
  475 em   'take'
  476 embhi   'type of mosquito or bee'
  477 en1   'in'
  478 en2   'year'
  479 e:n   'look here'
  480 embh   'navel'

  481 nebh   'damp, water, clouds'

  482 enek'   'to reach, obtain'
  483 e:>neu   'without'
  484 eneven   'nine'
  485 engw   'bump, swelling'
  486 eno   'that'
  487 en(o)m.n   'name'
  488 enos   'burden'
  489 enq   'to sigh, groan'
  490 ent   'weave'
  491 epero   'boar'
  492 epi   'at, by'
  493 e:pi   'companion'
  494 epop   kind of exclamation
  495 eph   'cook'

  496 er1   'eagle'
  497 er2   'goat, sheep'
  498 er3   'to move'
  499 er4   'earth'
  500 er5   'rare, loose, crumbly'

  501 ereb   'to drill, bore'
  502 e:>reb(h)   'colour (dark)'
  503 ered   'flow (away); dampness'
  504 eregw(h)o   'pea'
  505 erek1   'louse, tick'
  506 er(e)k2   'to tear, cut, split'
  507 eres1   'to pierce'
  508 eres2   'to flow'
  509 ereu1   'to seek, ask'
  510 ereu2   'to tear'
  511 er@-1   'to row (a boat)'
  512 er@-2   'to be still'
  513 er(@)d, er(@)dh   'high; to grow'
  514 ergh   'to shake, tremble'
  515 erkw   'to shine; to praise'
  516 ers   'behind, tail'
  517 es   'to be'
  518 esus   'good'
  519 e:>s   'to sit'
  520 esen   'harvest time'
  521 e:>s.r(gw)   'blood'
  522 et(e)n   'seed; corn'
  523 e:ter   'intestines'
  524 eti   'out, furhter, etc.'
  525 e:ti:   'eiderduck'
  526 e:tme/n   'breath'
  527 e:tro   'hurried, swift'
  528 eu1   'to lack; empty'
  529 eu2   'to dress'
  530 eu3   'to feel'
  531 eu4   'yippee'
  532 e:udh   'udder'
  533 euk   'to be used to'
  534 eus   'to burn'
  535 evegwh   'to praise, worship'

*G, *G'

  536 g'a:>b   'to show, to watch'

  537 gag   'round object'
  538 gal1   'bald, naked'
  539 gal2   'to call, cry'
  540 gal3   'to be able'
  541 gan(dh)   'vessel'
  542 gang   'to mock'

  543 g'a:>r   'to call, cry out'

  544 gar@g'   'appalling'
  545 ga:u   'to rejoice, swagger'

  546 g'ebh   'branch, stick'
  547 g'egh   'branch; bush'

  548 gei   to turn, to bend'
  549 ge:(i)   'to sing, to cry'

  550 g'e:i   'to sprout'

  551 geid   'to tickle, stick'

  552 g'eid   'to suck'

  553 geig'   'to prick, to bite'

  554 g'eis   'gravel'

  555 gel1   'form a ball'
  556 gel2   'envelop'
  557 gel(@)3   'cold, freeze'

  558 g'el   'light, to shine; to be joyful'

  559 gelebh   'to plane, to flay'
  560 geli   'mouse'

  561 g'(e)lo:v   'sister-in-law (spouse's sister)'

  562 gem   'to grab, grip; to be full'

  563 g'embh   'to bite,; tooth'
  564 g'em(e)   'to marry'

  565 gen   'to pinch, pluck, press etc.'

  566 g'en1   'to bear'
  567 g'en2   'to know'

  568 genebh   'piece of wood'
  569 geng   'lump'
  570 gengh   'to wind, to weave'

  571 g'enu1   'knee, joint'
  572 g'enu2   'chin(bone)'
  573 g'ep(h)   'to eat, jaw, mouth'

  574 ger1   'collect, unite'
  575 ger2   'call hoarsely (or shriek?)'
  576 ger3   'to turn, wind'
  577 ger4   'to grow; to wake'

  578 g'er   'to rub; to be old; grain'

  579 gerebh   'to scratch, write'

  580 g'ers   'to turn, to bend'

  581 ge:u   'to bend, curl; kind of vessel'

  582 g'eu   'to advance; to hurry'

  583 g(e)ulo   'glowing coals'

  584 g'eus   'to taste, to enjoy'

  585 g(y)eu   'chew'
  586 glag   'milk'
  587 gleg'   'soft, tender'

  588 g'lei   'to run up to'

  589 gleubh   'to cut, slice, pare'
  590 glo:gh   'spike'
  591 gol1   'to lie, lair'
  592 gol2   'branch'
  593 go:>u   'to call, cry out'
  594 gov@   'hand; to grab'
  595 gras   'eat (of animals)'
  596 gre:b(h)os   'hornbeam'
  597 gred   'to scratch'
  598 grem   'be damp; to sink'
  599 greus1   'to crackle, crush'
  600 greus2   'to burn, smoulder'
  601 greut   'to press; curls'
  602 gro:d   'hail'
  603 gru   grunting (of pigs)

*GH, *G'H

  604 gha gha   cackle of geese
  605 ghabh   'to grab, take'
  606 ghabh(o)lo   'fork of a branch'

  607 g'ha:gwh   'young of an animal or bird'

  608 ghaido   'goat'
  609 ghais   'to stick to'

  610 g'haiso   'be fixed; dart'

  611 ghaita:   'curly or wavy hair'

  612 g'hal   'flaw, defect'
  613 g'halg(h)   'twig'
  614 g'han   'yawn'
  615 g'hans   'goose'
  616 g'hasto1   'rod, pole'
  617 g'hasto2   'hand, arm'
  618 g'hau   'to call'

  619 ghavo   'false'

  620 g'hðem   'earth, floor'
  621 g'hðye/s   'yesterday'
  622 g'hðu:   'fish'

  623 ghe   enclitic particle

  624 g'he:1   'to be empty, lack; to leave, go out'
  625 g'he:2   'to gape, yawn'

  626 ghebhel   'weathercock, head'
  627 ghed   'to defecate; hole'
  628 ghedh   'to join, make a bond'
  629 ghegh   'to curve, bend'

  630 g'(h)eg'h   'ferret'?
  631 g'hei1   'to drive; to throw; to wound'
  632 g'hei2   'winter, snow'

  633 gheidh   'to yearn for;
  634 gheig'h   'to yearn for'
  635 gheis   'confused, shcoked'
  636 ghel   'to call, cry out'

  637 g'hel1   'to shine; green, gold, blue'
  638 g'hel2   'to cut'
  639 g'he:la:   'wine'?

  640 gheidh (sic)   'desire'
  641 ghel(e:>)g'h   'kind of metal'
  642 ghel@d   'ice'
  643 ghelg'h   'gland'
  644 ghelond   'stomach, bowels'
  645 ghelo:u   'tortoise'
  646 ghelto:   'cost, payment'
  647 gheluna:   'pine-tree'
  648 ghen   'to crack open, grind, scratch'
  649 ghend   'to grab, grip'
  650 ghendh   'boil (n.)'

  651 g'hengh   'to march, step'

  652 gher1   expressive root
  653 gher2   'to rub'
  654 gher3   'to come out, stick out'

  655 g'her1   'to yearn for'
  656 g'her2   'to scratch, scrape'
  657 g'her3   'to shine, shimmer'
  658 g'her4   'to grip, grab, enclose'
  659 g'her5   'bowels'
  660 g'her6   'short, small'
  661 g'her7   'rigid'
  662 g'herdh   'encircle, enclose'

  663 ghers1   'disgust, horror'
  664 ghers2   used in names of weeds

  665 g'hers   'rigid'

  666 gherto   'milk, butter'

  667 g'herzd(h)   'barley, grain, spike'
  668 g'he/slo   'thousand'
  669 g'hesor1   'hand'
  670 g'hesto2   'hand, arm'
  671 g'heu   'pour'
  672 g'heu   'disapear, die'
  673 g'he:u   'to yawn, to gape'

  674 gheub(h)   'to bend, move'
  675 gheug'h   'to conceal'
  676 gheveya:   'pit, hollow'
  677 ghla:dh   See Root 637 g'hel-1

  678 g'hla:d   'resound, call'

  679 ghleu   'to be joyful, to joke'

  680 g'ho:   'behind, towards'

  681 ghoilos   'frothing up'
  682 ghom   'stall'
  683 gho:>s   'eat'
  684 ghostis   'stranger, guest'
  685 ghov(e:)   'to notice, pay attention to'
  686 ghouros   'frightened
  687 ghous   'to sound, hear'
  688 ghro:   'to grow, be green'
  689 ghrebh1   'to grab'
  690 ghrebh2   'to scratch, to dig'
  691 ghredh   'to march'
  692 ghre:i   'to smear, etc.'
  693 ghreib   'to grab'
  694 ghrem1   'to scratch, to rub'
  695 ghrem2   'loud sound, thunder, grumble'
  696 ghren   'to rub'
  697 ghrendh   'beam'
  698 ghre:u1   'collapse'
  699 ghre:u2   'to rub'
  700 ghroud   'a protruding body part'

*GW, GV, G'V

  701 gwa:   'to go, to come'
  702 gwa:>dh   'to dive, submerge'
  703 gwe:bh1   'dive in'
  704 gwe:b(h)2   'slimy; toad'
  705 gwedh   'to push, hit, harm'
  706 gwei1   'complain'
  707 gwei2   'to put together'
  708 gwey3   'to live'
  709 gwe:i   'skin'?
  710 gweid(h)   'mud'
  711 gwey@   'to prevail, be mighty'
  712 gwel1   'to stick; pain, death'
  713 gwel2   'to drip, flow; to throw'
  714 gwel3   'acorn; oak?'
  715 gwelbh   'womb; young of animal'
  716 gwem   'to go, to come'
  717 gwe:>na:   'woman, wife'
  718 gwer1   'to devour, throat'
  719 gwer2   'heavy'
  720 gwer3   'mountain'
  721 gwer(@)4   'to raise the voice, praise'

  722 g'ver   'to burn and be hot'

  723 gweru   'pole, pike'
  724 gwes   'extinguish'

  725 gves   'branches, leaves'

  726 gwet1   'resin'
  727 gwet2   'to speak'

  728 gvet   'swelling'

  729 gwiya:   'sinew'
  730 gwistis   'finger'
  731 gwi:v   'resin'
  732 gw.ltur(os)   'vulture'
  733 gworgw(or)o   'dirt'
  734 gwou   'bull, cow'
  735 gwo:u   'dung'

  736 gvozd(h)o   'nail, penis'

  737 gwrebh   'fruit of the body'
  738 gwreig'   'to sleep, dream'
  739 gwrendh   'swelling, breast (TBC)'
  740 gwretso   'thick, big'
  741 gwre:ug'h   'gnash the teeth; to bite'

*GwH, G'HV

  742 gwhðei(@)   'perish, destroy'
  743 gwhðer   'to run, flow'
  744 gwhedh   'to beg, wish for'
  745 gwh@i   'bright, shining'
  746 gwhei@   'vein, sinew'
  747 gwhel   'to wish'

  748 g'hvel   'to bend, to swerve'
  749 g'hvelg   'to glance'

  750 gwhemb   'to spring, hop'

  751 g'hven   'to sound'

  752 gwhen1   'to swell, abound'
  753 gwhen2(@)   'to hit'

  754 g'hve:r   'wild beast'

  755 gwher   'hot, warm'

  756 g'hvoigw   'to shine; star'
  757 g'hvo:k   'to shine, shimmer'

  758 gwhre:   'to smell, scent'
  759 gwhren   'diaphragm (as seat of soul), mind'

*H

  760 ha:>   'ha! oh! (surprise)'
  761 ha ha!   interjection of laughter

*I, *Y

  762 i:l   'dirt, black'
  763 i:li   'groin, intestines'

  764 ya:   'to be excited'
  765 ya:   'to go'
  766 yag   'to worship'
  767 yagh   'to chase, wish for'
  768 ya:i   'this, etc.'
  769 ya:>m   'to dig'
  770 ya:m   'this, etc.'
  771 ye:   'to throw, to do'
  772 yebh   'to copulate'
  773 yeg   'ice'
  774 ye:gwa:   'force'
  775 yek   'to speak'
  776 ye:k   'to heal'?
  777 ye:>kw.r(t)   'liver'

  778 ie:lo   'unripe, raw'

  779 yem   'to hold'
  780 ye/n@ter   'husband's brother's wife'

  781 ie:ro   'year, summer'

  782 yes   'bubble up'
  783 yet   'to set out for, to strive'
  784 yeu1   'to mix (in preparation of food)'
  785 yeu2   'tie together'
  786 yeu3   'young'
  787 yeu4   'to separate; to hold off'
  788 yeudh   'to move swiftly, to fight'
  789 yeug'   'to excite, rouse'
  790 yeuni   'the right way'
  791 yevo   'corn, barley'
  792 yevos   'norm, right'
  793 yo   relative pronoun
  794 yoini   'bulrush'
  795 york   'kind of deer'
  796 you   'already'?
  797 yo:[u]s   'belt; to begird'
  798 yu1   'you (pl.)'
  799 yu:>   exclamatory interjection

*K, *K'

  800 ka:   'to like, wish'
  801 ka:>   'OK'?
  802 ka:>d   'damage'
  803 kadh   'to guard, to cover'

  804 k'ad1   'to fall'
  805 k'ad2   'to shine, to flaunt'
  806 k'a:d   'uneasiness, displeasure, hate'

  807 kag'o   'goat'
  808 kagh   'to sew, plait, etc.'
  809 kaghlo   'small round stone'
  810 kai1   'alone'
  811 kai   'and'?
  812 ka:>i3   'heat'
  813 ka:id4   See Root 1712 *(s)ka:i
  814 kaiko   'one-eyed'
  815 kaik'   'to scratch, to itch'
  816 kailo   'bright; safe, healthy'
  817 kais   'hair'
  818 ka:it   See Root 1712 *(s)ka:i
  819 kaito   'forest'
  820 kaiv.rt   'hollow, cleft'
  821 kakka   'defecate'
  822 ka:k   'cracking sound'

  823 k'ak   'to become thin'
  824 k'ak   'to help; to be able'
  825 k'a:k1   'to jump, spring out'
  826 k'a:>k2   'branch'

  827 kal1   'hard; blister'
  828 kal2   'handsome; healthy'
  829 ka:>l3   'be caught'
  830 kalni   'narrow passage'
  831 kamer   'to bend, curve'
  832 ka:>m   See Root 800
  833 kamb   See Root 1715 *(s)kamb
  834 kamp   'to bend'
  835 kan   'to sing, soud'
  836 kand   'to glow; bright'

  837 k'ank   See Roots 825 and 826

  838 kantho   'corner'
  839 kap   'to grab'
  840 ka:p   'piece of land'
  841 ka:>po   'things that float in water'
  842 kapro   'goat'
  843 kaput   'head'
  844 ka:>pho   'hoof'
  845 kar1   'to scold, to punish'
  846 kar2   'to praise, glorify'
  847 kar3   'hard'
  848 ka:r   'wax'
  849 kars   'to scratch, rub'

  850 k'as   'grey'
  851 k'a:s   'to teach, indicate'

  852 kat1   'to link or weave together; chain, net'
  853 kat2   'to bear young; animal cub'

  854 k'at   'fight, struggle'

  855 kau   'to put down, discourage'
  856 ka:u   'to hit, cut'
  857 ka:>u   'howl'
  858 ka:>u(@)la:   'abscess, boil'
  859 kaul   'hollow, bone'
  860 kaus   'draw lots'

  861 k'e   See Root 987

  862 ked   'to smoke, fume'
  863 keg   'hook, handle'
  864 ke:i   'to move'

  865 k'ei1   'to lie down'
  866 k'ei2   'kind of dark colour'
  867 k'e:(i)   'to sharpen, whet'
  868 k'e:ibh   'fast, violent'

  869 keid   'to fall'

  870 k'e:igh   'fast, violent'
  871 k'eip   'to wag, wave, pull faces'
  872 k'eipo   'peg, sharp piece of wood or stone'

  873 keis   'arm; thigh'
  874 kek'   'weasel'
  875 keku   'kind of stick or cudgel'

  876 k'e:ko   'fodder (green)'
  877 k'ekw   'dung'

  878 kel1   'to tower, to be high; hill'
  879 kel2   'to stick; sting'
  880 kel3   'to hit, cut down'
  881 kel4   'kind of dark/light spot'
  882 kel5   'drive'
  883 kel6   'to call, cry'
  884 kel7   'goblet'
  885 kel7   See Root 1722 *(s)kel1
  886 ke:l   'dumbfound'

  887 k'el1   '1. cold 2. warm'
  888 k'el2   'to incline'
  889 k'el3   'thin shaft, stalk'
  890 k'el4   'to conceal'
  891 k'elb   'help'

  892 keleu   'to wander; way'
  893 kel@vo   'bald'
  894 kelg   'to wind; windings, intrigue'
  895 kelp   'jar, cauldron'
  896 kem1   'to press, squeeze'
  897 kem2   'to buzz'

  898 k'em1   'stick, pole, horn'
  899 k'em2   'hornless'
  900 k'em3   'cover, conceal'
  901 k'em/@/4   'to be tired'

  902 kem@   'piece'?
  903 kemero   name of a plant
  904 kemer   'cancer, turtle'
  905 ken1   'to press, pinch'
  906 ken2,   'to rub, scrapre off, ashes'
  907 ken3   'come forth freshly'
  908 ken4   'to strain, strive'

  909 k'en   'empty'

  910 ken@ko/   'gold, honey'
  911 keng   'hook, handle'
  912 kenk1   'to bind, to girdle'
  913 kenk2   'to burn, be dry; hunger, thirst'
  914 kenk3   'knee-cup, heel'

  915 k'enk   'dangle'
  916 k'ens   'to proclaim, announce'

  917 kenth(o)   'rag, cloth'

  918 k'ent   'to stick'

  919 ker1   'hoarse shrieking etc.'
  920 ker2   See Root 1738 *(s)ker4
  921 ker(@)3   'burn'
  922 ker4   'cherry'
  923 ko:>r   'to hang'
  924 ker6   'dark colour, dirt etc'
  925 ker5   See Roots 1736 and 1737 *(s)ker

  926 k'er   'head, horn'
  927 k'er2   'to grow'
  928 k'er3   'rope; to weave'
  929 k'er4   'to hurt, harm; to be spoiled'
  930 k'erbero   'chequered'

  931 kerd1   'to girdle'
  932 kerd2   'talent, craft; talented'

  933 k'erdho   'troop, line'
  934 k'erd   'heart'

  935 krem   'onion, garlic; ash-tree'
  936 ker@p   'cloth, leather, shoe'
  937 kork'   'to wrinkle, becom thin'

  938 k'er@   'mix, cook'

  939 kerm   'to be tired, to rest'
  940 kerno   'chin-bone'

  941 k'e:ro   'colour (type of)'

  942 kers   'colour (dirty)'

  943 k'er(s)1   'bristle, stiff hair'
  944 k'ers2   'to run'

  945 kert   'to turn, roll, wind'
  946 kes   'to scratch, itch'

  947 k'es   'to cut'

  948 ke:>t   'dwelling space'
  949 keu1   'to notice, observe, feel; to hear'
  950 keu2   'to bend'

  951 k'eu1   'to swell'
  952 k'eu2   'to shine, be bright'
  953 k'e:u1   'to sway'
  954 k'e:u2   to light, to burn'
  955 k'eub   'thorn'

  956 keu@d   'to cry out'

  957 kve:p   'to smoke, to boil, to cook'

  958 k'e:vero   'north (wind)'
  959 k'euk   'to shine, glow'
  960 k'euk'   'to mix, to whirl'

  961 kik   'jay'

  962 k'ik1   'strap'
  963 k'i:>k2   'rain, drizzle'
  964 k'ik'er   'pea'
  965 k'i:o:>n   'pillar'
  966 k'iph   'small twid or root'

  967 kista:   'kind of basket-work'
  968 kla:   'to heap up, to put'
  969 kla:dhra:   'alder'
  970 klau   'to weep'
  971 kle:g   'to cry out, to sound'

  972 k'lei   'to tip, incline, lean'

  973 kleik'   'to press, squeeze'
  974 klem   'weak, ailing, feeble'
  975 kleng   'to bend, wind'
  976 kleno   'maple'
  977 klep   'damp'

  978 k'lep   'to cover, conceal, steal'

  979 kle:p   'to hold in the arms'
  980 kle:u   'hook, crook etc.'

  981 k'leu1   'to hear'
  982 k'leu2   'to rinse, clean'
  983 k'louni   'buttock, hip;

  984 kneigwh   'to incline, to bend'
  985 kneug   expressive root
  986 knid   'louse, nit'

  987 k'o   'this'

  988 kob   'fit well'
  989 koi   'creaking'
  990 koilo   'miserable, naked'

  991 k'oino   'grass'

  992 kois   'to care for, cure'
  993 ko ko   'clucking'
  994 kok'sa:   'a part of body'
  995 kol@   'to spin'?

  996 k'ol@mos   'stalk; reed'

  997 kol(e:>)y   'glue'
  998 koli   'puppy (also other animals)'
  999 kom   'by, beside, at, with'
  1000 kon@mo   'shin, bone'

  1001 k'onk   'to be doubtful'
  1002 k'onkho   'clamshell'
  1003 k'op(h)elos   'carp'

  1004 kopso   'blackbird'

  1005 k'orka:   'gravel, boulder'
  1006 k'ormen   'weasel'
  1007 k'ormno   'acidic liquid, lye, urine'
  1008 k'ormo   'suffering, pain'

  1009 koros   'war, warrior'
  1010 kos(e)lo   'haze;'
  1011 kost   'leg, bone'

  1012 k'ra:>po   'rootf'
  1013 k'ra:   See Roots 926 and 938

  1014 kra:t   See Root 945
  1015 kra:[u]   'to heap up, put together; heap; roof'

  1016 k're   See Root 926
  1017 k're:   See Root 929

  1018 kreb5   See Root 919

  1019 k'rebh   'entrust'

  1020 kred   'beams'

  1021 k'red   See Root 934

  1022 kreg1   'to suffer'
  1023 kreg2   See Root 919
  1024 krei1   'to touch, brush'
  1025 krei2   See Root 919

  1026 k'rei   'to appear'

  1027 krek1   'to hit'
  1028 krek2   'frog / fish spawn'
  1029 krek3   See Root 919
  1030 kre:>k4   'to tower; beams'
  1031 krem   'onion, garlic; ash-tree'
  1032 krep1   'body'
  1033 krep2   See Root 1019
  1034 kre:p1   'strong'
  1035 kre:p2   See Root 936
  1036 kret1   'to shake'
  1037 kret2   'to hit'
  1038 kreu1   'blood, raw flesh; ice, crust'
  1039 kreu2   'clash, fall'
  1040 kreu3   'to push, hit, break'
  1041 kreu4   See Root 919
  1042 kreup   'scab'
  1043 kreut   'to shake, throw, move vividly'
  1044 krom   'wooden fence etc.'
  1045 kr(o)ksko   'arm'

  1046 k'ru:s   'shank, leg'

  1047 kru:>t   'protuberance; breast; belly'

  1048 k'sa:   'to burn'

  1049 kseip   'to throw, be thrown'
  1050 ksen   See Root 946

  1051 k'se:>ro   'dry'

  1052 kseubh   'to sway, swing'
  1053 kseud   'to grind into little pieces'

  1054 k'þei   'to settle'

  1055 kþe:(i)   'to acquire, possess'
  1056 ku   'to kiss'

  1057 k'u:   'sharp; spike'
  1058 k'u:>dh   'dung'

  1059 kuku   'cuckoo'

  1060 k'up   'shoulder'

*KV, *K'V

  1061 kvak   'croaking, quacking'
  1062 kvat(h)   'ferment'

  1063 k'vei1   'dirt; to defile'
  1064 k'vei2   'to hiss, whistle'
  1065 k'uei3   'shining, white'
  1066 k'vek   'to gape'
  1067 k'vel   'muddy'?

  1068 kvel@k   'bundle, bale'
  1069 kvelp1   'buckle at the knees'
  1070 kvelp2   'to be curved'

  1071 k'ven   'to celebrate; holy'
  1072 k'vendhro   'kind of plant'

  1073 kverp   'to turn, wind'

  1074 k'ves   'to puff, sigh'

  1075 kve:t   'to shake, winnow'
  1076 kvoi   'to wish for, to invite'

  1077 k'von   'dog'

  1078 kvres   'wood, trees'

*Kw

  1079 kha kha!   interjection of laughter

  1080 kwalos   'kind of big fish'
  1081 kwasyo   'basketwork'
  1082 kwe   'and (encl.)'
  1083 kwe2   See Root 1099
  1084 kwe:>d   'to prick, drill; to sharpen'
  1085 kwei1(t)   'to observe; to appreciate'
  1086 kwei2   'to pile, stow, gather'
  1087 kwey@   'to rest quietly; quiet, peaceful'
  1088 kwek'   'to seem, see, show'
  1089 kwel1   'to turn; wheel; neck'
  1090 kwel2   'far off'
  1091 kwel3   'herd, crowd'
  1092 kwem   'to swallow, sip'
  1093 kwene   'particle of generalisation / uncertainty'
  1094 kwenth   'to suffer, endure'
  1095 kwer1   'to do'
  1096 kwer2   'dish'
  1097 kweru   'chew, grind'
  1098 kwetver   'four'
  1099 kwo   indefinite/interrogative pronominal base
  1100 kwrei   'to buy'
  1101 kw.rmi   'worm, grub'
  1102 kwsep   'dark'
  1103 kwþei   See Root 742
  1104 kwa:s   'to cough'

*L

  1105 la:1   'bark, howl, etc.'
  1106 la:2   'to be concealed, covered'
  1107 lab   'to sip, chaw, etc.'
  1108 labh   'to grab, hold'
  1109 la:>gh   'to cut; cutting instrument'
  1110 la:gwh   See Root 1766 (s)la:gwh
  1111 lai   'fat'
  1112 laidh   'to cut, hurt'
  1113 layuo   'left'
  1114 la:[i]p   'to burn, be bright'
  1115 lak   'to lick, lap up'
  1116 lak'   'to be spotted; salmon'
  1117 laku   'water basin (ditch, lake, sea)'
  1118 la:ma:   'swamp, puddle'
  1119 la:p   'cow'
  1120 las   'willing, active, covetous'
  1121 lat   'wet, damp; swamp'
  1122 la:u   'to acquire, employ (thing)'
  1123 lauk(o)   'throat, jaw'
  1124 le:   See Root 1105
  1125 le:>b   'to hang down loosely; lip'
  1126 leg1   'to drip, ooze, flow out'
  1127 leg2   'to take care of something'
  1128 leg'   'to gather'
  1129 legh   'to put down, lie down'
  1130 le:g'(h)1   'twig'
  1131 le:g'h2   'to crawl; low'
  1132 legwh   'light (adj.)'
  1133 le:>i1   See Root 469 *el8
  1134 lei2   'go in, disappear'
  1135 lei3   'slimy,; to glide'
  1136 le:>i4   'to pour'
  1137 le:[i]1   'to wish'
  1138 le:(i)2   'to grant; possession; to acquire, possess'
  1139 le:(i)3   'to weaken, feeble'
  1140 leibh   See Root 1150
  1141 leid   'to play, joke'
  1142 leig1   'poor, miserable'
  1143 li:g   'form'
  1144 leig3   'to jump, to tremble'
  1145 leig4   'to bind'
  1146 leig'h   'to lick'
  1147 leik1   'to prepare for sale'
  1148 leik2   'to bend'
  1149 leikw   'to leave'
  1150 leip1   'to smear, stick'
  1151 leip2   'to desire'
  1152 leis   'furrow, to furrow, to pursue, to learn'
  1153 leit1   'to be disgusted; to violate'
  1154 leit(h)2   'to go out; to die; to go'
  1155 leizd   'edge, hem'
  1156 lok   'to scold, reprove'
  1157 lek2   'joint, member; to bend, wind'
  1158 le:k1   'trap'
  1159 le:k2   'to tear'
  1160 lem1   'to crush; fragile'
  1161 lem2   'open jaws'?
  1162 lendh1   'liquid, spring'
  1163 lendh2   'hip, kidney'
  1164 lendh3   'open land, heath, steppe'
  1165 leng   'to bend oneself, to sway'
  1166 lengh   'to scold'
  1167 lenk   'to bend'
  1168 lento   'flexible'
  1169 lep1   expressive root
  1170 lep2   'to skin'
  1171 lep3   'stone, rock'
  1172 le:p   'be flat'
  1173 lerd   'to twist'
  1174 lerg   'smooth, slippery'
  1175 les   'to collect'
  1176 le:s   'weak, feeble'
  1177 leto   'burning, heat, anger'
  1178 le:to   'warm season; day, summer'
  1179 letro   'leather'?
  1180 leu1   'dirt'
  1181 leu2   'cut off'
  1182 le:u1   'to slacken'
  1183 le:u2   'stone'
  1184 le:u3   expresssive root
  1185 leubh   'to care for, love'
  1186 leud   'duck down'
  1187 leudh1   'to grow up; people; free'
  1188 leudh2   See Root 467
  1189 leug1   'to bend'
  1190 leug2   'black, swamp'
  1191 leug'   'to break'
  1192 leugh1   'to lie (tell untruths)'
  1193 leugh2   'oath'
  1194 leuk   'bright, to shine; to see'
  1195 leup    'to peel, cut off, harm, etc.'
  1196 le:ut   'wrathful'?
  1197 li:>no   'flax'
  1198 log'   'rod, twig'?
  1199 lorga:   'stick, club'
  1200 lou   'to wash'
  1201 lu:>s   'louse'

*M

  1202 ma:1   'to beckon with the hand; to deceive'
  1203 ma:2   'good, timely'
  1204 ma:   'mummy'
  1205 mad   'drip, wet; glossy'
  1206 magh   'to be able; to help; power'
  1207 maghos   'young'
  1208 mag'   'to press, to knead'
  1209 mag'h   'to fight'
  1210 mai1   'to cut down, work with a sharp instrument'
  1211 mai2   'to smudge, dirty'
  1212 mak   'leather pouch'
  1213 ma:>k1   'dampen, wet'
  1214 ma:k2   'to knead, press'
  1215 ma:>k(en)   'poppy'?
  1216 mak'o   'kind of fly'
  1217 ma:k'   'long, slender'
  1218 makhos   'frisky'
  1219 mand   'hurdle, plaited twigs'
  1220 ma:no   'damp, wet'
  1221 manus   'man'
  1222 marko   'horse'
  1223 math1   'kind of harmgul insect'
  1224 mat2   'mattock, club'
  1225 ma:te/r   'mother'
  1226 mauro   'weak, dark'
  1227 mazdos   'pole, mast'
  1228 me1   'me'
  1229 me2   'in the middle of, by, around, with'
  1230 me:1   'don't'
  1231 me:2   'to reap'
  1232 me:3   'to measure'
  1233 me:4   'big, important'
  1234 me:5   'determined (firm of mind)'
  1235 med1   'to measure; to give advice, healing'
  1236 med2   'to swell'?
  1237 medhi   'middle'
  1238 me/dhu   'honey'
  1239 me:>gh   'well-disposed, friendly'
  1240 meg'(h)   'big'
  1241 mei1   'to strengthen; pole'
  1242 mei2   'to change, deceive'
  1243 mei3   'to wander, go'
  1244 mei4   'to bind'
  1245 mei5   'to lessen'
  1246 mei6   expressive root
  1247 me:i7   'mild, soft'
  1248 meigh   'flicker, blink'
  1249 meig'h   'to urinate'
  1250 meigw   'change, deceive'
  1251 meik'   'to mix, stir'
  1252 meino   'wish, intention'
  1253 meis   'flicker'
  1254 meit(h)1   'staying (in place)'
  1255 meit(h)2   'to change, deceive'
  1256 mek   'to bleat'
  1257 mel1   'to grind, hit; fine, ground'
  1258 mel2   'to fail; to deceive'
  1259 mel3   'to hesitate'
  1260 mel4   'strong, big'
  1261 mel5   'member; to join'
  1262 mel6   'colour (dark)'
  1263 mel7   'wool'
  1264 mel8   'come forth'
  1265 meldh1   'to pronounce ritual words'
  1266 meldh2   'lightning'
  1267 me:>lg'   'to pluck; to milk'
  1268 melg'h   'to swell'
  1269 melit   'honey'
  1270 melk1   'to rub'?
  1271 melk2   'wet'
  1272 me:lo   'small animal'
  1273 melo:dh   'elevation, head'
  1274 mels   'to taste'
  1275 membh   'to reproach'
  1276 me:mso   'flesh, meat'
  1277 men1   'to tower'
  1278 men2   'to step, tread over, press'
  1279 men3   'to think, mind; spiritual activity'
  1280 men4   'small, to diminish'
  1281 men5   'to stay, stand still'
  1282 mend   'to suckle; breast'
  1283 mend   'defect, flaw'
  1284 mendh   'to pay attention to; vivacious'
  1285 men(e)gh   'copious, much'
  1286 men(@)k   'to knead'
  1287 meng   'pretty, beautiful; useful?'
  1288 meni   'type of fish'?
  1289 me:no:t   'month, moon'
  1290 menth1   'to mix up, stir'
  1291 menth2   'chew, bite, mouth'
  1292 mer1   'to plait, bind; rope'
  1293 mer2   'flicker'
  1294 mor(u)   'to blacken, dark spot'
  1295 mer4   'to die'
  1296 mer5   'to rub, wipw; to pack, rob'
  1297 mer6   'disturb'
  1298 mer@dh   'to bubble up; to jolt, shake'
  1299 mereg'   'edge, frontier'
  1300 meregh   'to soak, drizzle'
  1301 merg'1   'cast off'
  1302 merg'2   See Root 1305
  1303 meryo   'young man or woman'
  1304 merk'   'to grab'
  1305 merk1   'to rot'
  1306 merk2   'sullen'
  1307 m@r   'hand'
  1308 met   See Roots 1231 and 1232
  1309 meu1   'wet, dirt; to wash'
  1310 mev2   'to move'
  1311 me:udh   'to complain, care about something'
  1312 meug1   'to take by surprise, wily'
  1313 meug2   'to slide, slip'
  1314 meuk'   'to scratch, tear'
  1315 meus   See Root 1341
  1316 mezg1   'dive down'
  1317 mezg2   'to bind, attach'
  1318 mizdho/   'fee'
  1319 mo:   'to strain oneself'
  1320 mo:d   'to meet, approach'
  1321 modhro   'blue; type of plant'
  1322 moisos   'sheep; hide, leatherwork'
  1323 mok's   'soon'
  1324 molko   'leather pouch'
  1325 mono   'neck'
  1326 mori   'sea'
  1327 mormor   'to murmur'
  1328 mormo(ro)   'dread, horror'
  1329 moro   'blackberry'
  1330 morvi:>   'ant'
  1331 mo[u]lo   'root, plant'
  1332 mo:[u]ro   'stupid, crazy'
  1333 mozgo   'brain'
  1334 mozg'hos   'bullock, young ox;
  1335 mrk   'edible root, carrot'
  1336 mreghm(n)o   'brain'
  1337 mreg'hu   'short'
  1338 mu:>1   'to murmur, moo (expr.)'
  1339 mu:2   'fly, gnat'
  1340 mu:>k   'heap, etc.'
  1341 mu:s   'mouse'
  1342 mutos   'circumcised'?

*N, *.N

  1343 na:1   'to help, be of use'
  1344 na:2   'to be afraid, ashamed'
  1345 na:gwh   'sober'?
  1346 nak   'fur'
  1347 nana   'mummy, etc.'
  1348 nant   'to dare'
  1349 nas   'nose'
  1350 na:us1   'boat'
  1351 na:u2   'death, corpse'
  1352 ne>1   'not'
  1353 ne 2   See Root 486
  1354 ne3   'we'
  1355 nebh1   'to burst'
  1356 nebh2   See Root 481
  1357 ned1   'to roll up; to attach, bind'
  1358 ned2   'to sound, roar, etc.'
  1359 nedo   'reed'
  1360 neg'h   'to pierce, stick'
  1361 nei1   'to lead'
  1362 nei2   'to be excited'
  1363 nei3   See Root 477
  1364 neid1   'to scold, shame'
  1365 neid2   'to flow, stream'
  1366 neigw   'to wash'
  1367 neik   'to winnow grain'
  1368 ne:ik   'to attack; to fight, rail'
  1369 nek'   'corpse, destruction'
  1370 nekw(t)   'night'
  1371 nem1   'to take; to put in order, count'
  1372 nem2   'to bend'
  1373 nepo:t   'grandson, nephew'
  1374 ner1(t)   'vital energy, man'
  1375 ner2   'under'
  1376 ner3   'to conceal, cover, hiding place,. hollow'
  1377 nes   'to join with; to conceal oneself'
  1378 ni   See Root 477
  1379 ne:tr   'snake'
  1380 neu1   'call, praise'
  1381 neu2   'to make a push; to nod'
  1382 neud   'to acquire, make use of'
  1383 neudh   'desire, lust for'
  1384 neuk   'dark, unclear'
  1385 neuks   'to sniff, smell'
  1386 nevos   'new'
  1387 nizdo   'nest'
  1388 no   See Root 486
  1389 nogw   'naked'
  1390 nogwo   'tree'
  1391 nokw(t)   See Root 1370
  1392 no:m.n   See Root 487
  1393 no:t   'buttock, back'
  1394 nu:>   'now'

  1395 .ndhos   'under'
  1396 .nsi   'dirt'
  1397 .nsis   'sword'

*O

  1398 o   'to, with'
  1399 o:   vocative particle
  1400 obhel   'to sweep; to multiply'
  1401 obhi   See Root 440
  1402 od1   'to smell'
  1403 od2   'disgust, hate'
  1404 o:>d(e)go   'stalk'
  1405 o:g   'to grow; fruit, berries'
  1406 oid   'to swell'
  1407 oino   See Root 439
  1408 oiva:   See Root 454
  1409 ok   'to think over'
  1410 ok'to:(u)   'eight'
  1411 o:k'u/s   'quick'
  1412 okw   'to see; eye'
  1413 ol(e)   'destroy'
  1414 om   'raw, bitter'
  1415 om(e)sos   'shoulder'
  1416 om@   'to proceed with energy; to make firm; to suffer'
  1417 ond   'stone'?
  1418 oner   'dream'
  1419 ong   'coal'
  1420 ongw   'to anoint'
  1421 ono   'to scold'
  1422 onogh   'nail (of digit)'
  1423 op1   'to work, perform'
  1424 op2   'to choose, suggest'
  1425 opi   See Root 492
  1426 o:r   'to speak; to call'
  1427 orbho   'orphan; servant; work'
  1428 orev   'entrails'??
  1429 org'hi   'testicle'
  1430 org   See Root 1490
  1431 ort   'vine'
  1432 *o:s   'ash tree'
  1433 ost(h)   'bone'
  1434 oug   'cold'
  1435 o:(v)yom   'egg'
  1436 o/vis   'sheep'
  1437 o:us1   'mouth'
  1438 o:us2   'ear'
  1439 ozdos   'branch'
  1440 ozgho   'bud, twig'

*P

  1441 pa:   'feed'
  1442 pa:>k'   'fix'
  1443 pa:>n   'fabric (woven)'
  1444 pandos   'crooked'
  1445 pank   'to swell'
  1446 pap(p)a   'daddy; food;
  1447 pa:>r   'to show; be visible'
  1448 pari:ka:    'concubine'
  1449 pa:so/s   'relative (n.)'
  1450 pasto   'firm'
  1451 paus   'free, loose'
  1452 pa:uson   name of a deity
  1453 pe:>d1   'container, vessel'
  1454 pe:>d2   'foot'
  1455 pog   'shoulder, hip, side'
  1456 pe:(i)   'to harm, scold, put to shame'
  1457 pey(@)   'fat, milk'
  1458 peig1   'coloured, speckled'
  1459 peig'1   'hostile'
  1460 peim(i)   'quick, perky'
  1461 pis   'to grind'
  1462 peis2   'to blow'
  1463 peisk   'fish'
  1464 pek'1   'to make pretty; to be joyful'
  1465 pek'2   'to fleece, cattle'
  1466 pekw   'to cook'
  1467 pel1   'full, to fill; to pour; town(?)'
  1468 pel2a   'to make move, drive'
  1469 pel2b   'powder, flour'
  1470 pel3a   'to fold'
  1471 pel3b   'to cover, wrap; skin, hide; cloth'
  1472 pel4   'kind of vessel, dish'
  1473 pel5   'to sell, make money'
  1474 pel6   'grey, pale'
  1475 pol   'to burn, be warm'
  1476 pel@   'wide and flat'
  1477 pelis   'rock'
  1478 pelk'   'to turn, wind'
  1479 pelpo   'woodwork'
  1480 pen1   'to feed'
  1481 pen2   'swamp; water, wet'
  1482 penkwe   'five'
  1483 pent   'to go, walk; way'
  1484 per1   'to drizzle, sprinkle, jet'
  1485 per2a   'to go over; over'
  1486 per2b   'to carry over, bring; to go over, far'
  1487 per2c   'to sell'
  1488 per2d   'to bear (a child)'
  1489 per2e   'to try, dare, risk; danger'
  1490 per3   'to hit'
  1491 perd   'to fart'
  1492 perg1   'pole, trunk'
  1493 perg2   'fear'
  1494 perk1   'to fill'
  1495 p.rk   'embers, coals'
  1496 perk'1   'rib; breast'
  1497 perk'2   'spotted'
  1498 perk'3   'to tear out, dig out; furrow'
  1499 perk'4   'to ask, ask for'
  1500 perkwus   'oak'
  1501 pers   'to drizzle, sprinkle; dust, ashes'
  1502 persna:   'heel'
  1503 perth   'pole; sprout'
  1504 pe:>s1   'to blow'
  1505 pe:s2   'dust, sand'
  1506 pes3   'penis'
  1507 pet1   to open (the arms) wide'
  1508 pet2   'to fall; to fly'
  1509 peu1   'to clean, sift'
  1510 peu2   'explore'
  1511 peu3   See Root 1562
  1512 pe:u   'to hit; sharp'
  1513 peuk'   'to stick, to punch'
  1514 pev@   See Root 1563
  1515 pevo:r   'fire'
  1516 pezd   'to break wind'
  1517 p@te:/(r)   'father, head of the family'
  1518 pid   'to bear (a child)'
  1519 pik(h)o   'lump, knot'
  1520 pilo   'hair'
  1521 pin   'piece of wood'
  1522 pi:p(p)   'to squeak'
  1523 pi:zda:   'vulva'
  1524 plab   'to babble'
  1525 pla:k1   'wide and flat'
  1526 pla:k2   'to hit'
  1527 pla:>t   'wide and flat'
  1528 ple:   'to split, cut off'
  1529 ple:i   'naked, bald, bare'
  1530 plek'   'to plait, to weave'
  1531 ple:k'   'to tear, peel off'
  1532 pleu   'to run, flow; to swim'
  1533 pleuk   'flake, feather, hair'
  1534 pl(e)umon   'lung'
  1535 pleus   'to pluck; plucked hair, feathers, fleece'
  1536 pl@i   'to expand; to boast'
  1537 plouto   'kind of wooden stockade'
  1538 pneu   'to breathe'
  1539 p.nksti   'fist'
  1540 po:(i)1   'to graze'
  1541 po:(i)2   'to drink'
  1542 polo   'swollen, fat, big'
  1543 pork'os   'pig'
  1544 pos   'by, about, around, beside'
  1545 poti   'against'
  1546 potis   'owner, host, master, husband'
  1547 po:u   'small, little; young (of aninals)'
  1548 pougo   clear, sound'
  1549 pra:   'to bend'
  1550 pra:i   'to like, feel well-disposed, friendly'
  1551 preg   'willing, covetous, active'
  1552 prep   'glimpse; appearance'
  1553 pret   'to understand'
  1554 preu   'to jump'
  1555 preus   'to freeze, burn'
  1556 pri:s   'to granulate'??
  1557 pro:>   See Root 1485 *per-2a
  1558 pro:k'to   'buttocks'?
  1559 p.rso   'onion'
  1560 pster   'to sneeze'
  1561 ptel(e)ya:   'kind of tree'
  1562 pu:>1   'to blow (up)'
  1563 pu:>2   'to rot, stink'
  1564 pu:>3   See Roots 1509 *peu1 and 1547 *po:u
  1565 pu:>k1   'thick-haired'
  1566 puk'2   'to enclose, put together'
  1567 pulo   'hair'
  1568 pu:ro   'corn'

*PH

  1569 phel   See Roots 1829 and 1830 *(s)p(h)el'
  1570 pher   See Roots 1842 to 1845 *(s)p(h)er
  1571 pho:>l   'fall'
  1572 phu   See Root 1562 *pu:>1

*R, *.R

  1573 rabh   'to rage, be furious'
  1574 ra:p   'turnip'
  1575 ra:>>s   'to sound, cry out'
  1576 re:1   See Root 104 *ar-1
  1577 re:>2   See Root 500 *er-5
  1578 re:3   See Root 511 *er@-1
  1579 re:4   See Root 512 *er@-2
  1580 re:5   'dark'
  1581 re:6   'to cry out'
  1582 rebh1   'to move, hurry'
  1583 rebh2   'to roof'
  1584 red   See Root 503
  1585 re:d1   'cheer up'
  1586 re:d2   'to shuffle, scrape, scratch'
  1587 reg1   'dye'
  1588 reg2   'to see'?
  1589 reg'1   'right, just, to make right' king'
  1590 reg'2   'damp'
  1591 regwos   'darkness'
  1592 rei1   'to tear, cut'
  1593 rei2   'variegated, speckled'
  1594 rei3   'to cry, bellow'
  1595 rei4   'thing; possession'
  1596 rei5   See Roots 1600 *reid, 1605 *reik and 1612 *rem
  1597 re:i1   See Root 104 *ar-1
  1598 re:i2   See Root 106 *ar-3
  1599 reibh   expressive root
  1600 reid   'to lean on, support'
  1601 reidh   'to ride, go'
  1602 reig   'to bind'
  1603 re:ig'    'to stretch, stretch out (the hand)'
  1604 rey@   See Root 498
  1605 reik   'to shake; pole?'
  1606 reir(e:i)   'to tremble (expr.)'
  1607 re:ito   'scapula; shoulder (of animals)'
  1608 rek1   'to tower; pole'
  1609 re:>k2   'to arrange, prepare'
  1610 rek'   'to bind'
  1611 rek'þh   'to harm'
  1612 rem   'to rest; to support'
  1613 remb   'to hack, notch'
  1614 rendh   'to tear'
  1615 rent   'thing'?
  1616 rep   'to grab, rip out'
  1617 re:p1   'to crawl'
  1618 re:p2   'pole; beam'
  1619 re:s   See Root 508
  1620 ret(h)   'to run, to roll'
  1621 re:t   'pole; trunk'
  1622 reu1   'to roar, murmur, etc.' (expr.)
  1623 reu2   'to tear out, dig out, open, acquire'
  1624 reu3   See Root 498
  1625 reu4   See Root 509
  1626 reub   'to vomit, retch'
  1627 reudh   'red'
  1628 reughm(e)n   'cream'
  1629 reus   'elm'
  1630 reusmen   'chewing; throat'
  1631 reuto   'stomach, intestines (of an animal)'
  1632 rev@   'to open; wide'
  1633 rezg   'to plait, wind'
  1634 roino   See Root 1592
  1635 rughyo   See Root 2222 *vrughyo
  1636 ruk(k)   'fabric, spun yarn'

  1637 .rksa:   'fetlock / tether'
  1638 .r/k'þos   'bear'

*S

 1639 sa:   'enough'
  1640 sa:g   'to track, trail; to feel, smell'
  1641 sa:i   'pain, illness'
  1642 saip   'enclosure'
  1643 sak   'to sanctify; to make a treaty'
  1644 sal   'salt, salty water'
  1645 sal2   'dirty grey; salt, salive, willow'
  1646 sa:>lo   'to wave'
  1647 sa:nos   'healthy'
  1648 sap   'to taste, perceive'
  1649 sasyo   'crops'
  1650 sa:ti   See Root 1639
  1651 saus   'dry'
  1652 sa:/vel   'sun'
  1653 se   reflexive pronoun
  1654 sed   'to sit'
  1655 seg1   'to sow'
  1656 seg2   'to attach, to touch'
  1657 seg'h   'to hold, possess; to overcome somebody; victory'
  1658 sei   'to drip, be damp'
  1659 se:(i)1   'to sift'
  1660 se:(i)2   'dispatch'
  1661 se:(i)3   'to bind; strap'
  1662 se:[i]dh   'to strive for a goal'
  1663 se:>ik   'to reach for, grab'
  1664 seikw   'to spill, pour, draft'
  1665 seip   'to pour, rain, sift'
  1666 sek1   'to flow out, dry out (of water)'
  1667 se:>k2   'to cut'
  1668 se:k3   'quiet, lazy'
  1669 sekw1   'to follow'
  1670 sekw2   'to see, show; to speak'
  1671 sel1   'dwelling'
  1672 sel2   'beam, board'
  1673 sel3   'to take, grab'
  1674 sel4   'to spring'
  1675 sel5   'to creep, crawl'
  1676 sel6   'favourable'
  1677 selg'   'to free'
  1678 selk   'to drag; plough'
  1679 selos   'swamp, sea'
  1680 selp   'butterfat'
  1681 sem1   'draw, scoop'
  1682 sem2   'one'
  1683 sem3   'summer'
  1684 se:mi   'half'
  1685 sen   'to prepare, work on, succeed'
  1686 sendhro   'coagulated'
  1687 sengw   'to fall, sink'
  1688 sengwh   'to sing'
  1689 seni   'for oneself; separate'
  1690 senk   'to burn, dry'
  1691 sen(o)   'old'
  1692 sent   'to take a direction, go; to feel'
  1693 sep   'concern oneself with'
  1694 sept.m   'seven'
  1695 ser1   'to flow'
  1696 ser2   'to guard, watch over, support'
  1697 ser3   'red'
  1698 ser4   'to put together, bind together'
  1699 ser5   'sickle'
  1700 serk   'hedge, to fence'
  1701 serp   'creep, crawl'
  1702 seu1   'juice; liquid'
  1703 seu2   'to bear a child; son'
  1704 seu3   'to bend, turn'
  1705 seu4   'to boil, move vividly'
  1706 seug   'sad, grievous; ill'
  1707 sev@   'to let, leave'?
  1708 sevyo   'left'

  1709 sye:[u]ro   'wife's brother'
  1710 syu:   'to sew'

  1711 skabh   'to support'
  1712 (s)ka:i   'shining, bright'
  1713 (s)k(h)ai   'to hit, kick'
  1714 sk'a:i    'to glimmer (of wet things); shadow'
  1715 (s)kamb   'to curve, bend'
  1716 (s)kand   See Root 836 *kand. (Reference to *ka:> seems to be an error!) 
  1717 (s)k(h)ed   'to crush, scatter'
  1718 sk'ed    'to cover'?
  1719 ske:>i   'to cut, separate'
  1720 ske:>ibh   'slant; to limp'
  1721 (s)kek   'to spring, move quickly'
  1722 (s)kel1   'to cut'
  1723 (s)kel2   'to be guilty, to owe'
  1724 (s)kel3   'to dry out'
  1725 (s)kel4   'to bend; crooked'
  1726 (s)kwel5   See Root 883
  1727 (s)k'el    'to spring'
  1728 skhel   'to stumble'
  1729 (s)k'em    'deformed, hornless'
  1730 (s)ken(d)   'to rift; to flay'
  1731 skendh   'to dive under'
  1732 (s)keng   'lame, slant'
  1733 (s)kep1   'to cover, hide'
  1734 (s)ke:>p2   'to work with a sharp instrument'
  1735 (s)ker1   'to shrink, wrinkle; dry, thin'
  1736 (s)ker2   'to spring, to turn'
  1737 (s)ker3   'to turn, bend'
  1738 (s)ker4   'to cut'
  1739 (s)ker5   See Root 919 *ker-1
  1740 (s)kwer   See Root 1095
  1741 sker(d)   'dung'
  1742 (s)kerb(h)   'to turn, curve'
  1743 (s)kerdh   'small, miserable'
  1744 (s)kerts   'across'
  1745 ske:t   'to spring'
  1746 ske:th   'to scold'
  1747 (s)keu1   'to perfrom, commit'
  1748 (s)keu2   'to cover, wrap'
  1749 ske:>u3   'to sneeze'
  1750 (s)keu4   See Root 949 *keu-1
  1751 ske:>u5   See Roots 1753, 1754, *skeubh, 1756, *skeug, *skeuk
  1752 ske:u6(t)   'to cut, separate, scratch'
  1753 sk'e:>u    'to throw, shoot, push' 
  1754 skeub   'to move; to throw, shoot'
  1755 skeud1   'to protest, grumble'
  1756 (s)keud2   'to throw, shoot'
  1757 (s)keup   'bunch'
  1758 (s)keut   'to shrink'
  1759 sk'le:k    'wet; to sprinkle'
  1760 skordho   'vessel; potsherd'?
  1761 skot   'shadow, darkness'
  1762 (s)ku:>t   'to shake'
  1763 (s)kwalos   'type of large fish'
  1764 skverb(h)   'to stick, pierce (thorns)'
  1765 sk(h)voy   'needle, thorn'

  1766 (s)la:>gw   'to grab'
  1767 slak   'to hit, hammer'
  1768 (s)leb   See Root 1125 *le:>b?
  1769 (s)le:g   'weak, feeble'
  1770 sle:gw   'to press, oppress, mishandle'
  1771 (s)leib   'slippery, to slide' - Also see Root 1135
  1772 (s)leidh   'slippery, to slide'
  1773 (s)leig   'to hit, hack'
  1774 slenk   'to wind, turn; to creep'
  1775 sler   See Root 1783
  1776 (s)leu   'loosely hanging, feeble'
  1777 sleub(h)   'to slide, slip'
  1778 (s)leug   'to swallow'
  1779 (s)leug'   'to slide, slip'
  1780 (s)leup   'to hang loose'
  1781 (s)li:   'blueish'
  1782 slougo   'help, service'
  1783 (s)l.rg   expressive root
  1784 sme   'really, indeed'
  1785 sme:   'to smear, rub'
  1786 smeg(h)   'to taste'
  1787 (s)mei1   'to laugh, surprise'
  1788 sme:i2   'to carve'
  1789 sme:i3   See Root 1785
  1790 smeit   'to throw'
  1791 smek   'chin, beard'
  1792 smel1   'to burn long, smoulder'
  1793 smel2   'grey'
  1794 (s)mer   'to remember; to care for'
  1795 smerd   'to stink'
  1796 smeru   'grease, fat'
  1797 smeu   See Root 1787
  1798 (s)meukh   'to smoke, smoke (n.)'
  1799 smog   'to weigh heavily'
  1800 sna:   'to flow, swim; damp'
  1801 (s)nadh   'to cut into'
  1802 (s)ne:   'to sew together, to spin'
  1803 (s)ne:bhri   'narrow'
  1804 sneig   'creep'
  1805 sneigwh   'to snow'
  1806 sneit   'to cut'
  1807 sno:p   'to bundle up, sheaf'
  1808 (s)ner1   'to murmur, grumble'
  1809 (s)ner2   'to turn, wind, etc.'
  1810 (s)nerb   'to cut'
  1811 sneu   See Root 1800
  1812 sne:u   etwa 'to turn, to bind, attach; band; sinew'
  1813 sneubh   'to woo, marry'
  1814 sneud(h)1   'drowsy, to drowse'
  1815 sneudh2   'fog, foggy'
  1816 snuso/s   'daughter-in-law'

  1817 so(s)   'dem, stem; he, she'
  1818 soito   See Root 1661
  1819 solo   'whole, integrate'
  1820 so:[u]ra:   'calf (of leg)'

  1821 spako   'droplet'
  1822 sp(h)e:   'long flat piece of wood'
  1823 speg'   'to be attentive, sharp-sighted'
  1824 (s)p(h)e:>i1   'sharp, sharp stick'
  1825 sp(h)ei   'to pull, drag'
  1826 sp(h)e:(i)3   'to succeed, prosper; to fatten etc.'
  1827 spek'   'to watch'
  1828 (s)pel   'to speak aloud; to tell'
  1829 (s)p(h)el1   'to split, cut off, tear off; board'
  1830 (s)p(h)el2   'to shine, shimer'
  1831 (s)p(h)elg   'to split, splinter'
  1832 sp(h)elg'h(en, a:)   'spleen'
  1833 (s)pen1(d)   'to pull; to spin'
  1834 *(s)pen2   'kind of wooden vessel'
  1835 spend   'to offer a libation'
  1836 sp(h)e(n)d   'to shive, to shake'
  1837 sp(h)eng   'to shine'
  1838 speno   'teat; breast'
  1839 (s)per1   'rafter; pole, spear'
  1840 sper2(g)   'kind of bird'
  1841 sper3   'to turn, wind'
  1842 (s)p(h)er4   'to tear, rag, snippet'
  1843 sp(h)er1   'to make a rash movement, to push away, to rush'
  1844 (s)p(h)er2   'to sprinkle, scatter'
  1845 sp(h)er3   'cattle dung'
  1846 sp(h)erd(h)   'to rush; to spring; running'
  1847 *(s)p(h)ereg   'to rush, hurry; to scatter, sprinkle'
  1848 sperg'h   'to hurry, to spring'
  1849 (s)p(h)eud   'to press, hurry'
  1850 (s)pi:>ko   'woodpecker, etc.'
  1851 (s)pingo   'sparrow, finch'
  1852 (s)p(h)ye:u   'to spit'
  1853 (s)plei   'to split, cut'
  1854 (s)pleig'h   'to spread the legs'
  1855 (s)poimno   'foam. spray'
  1856 sprei   See Root 1844
  1857 sp(h)reig   'to abound'

  1858 srakwto   'sharp-edged'
  1859 srebh   'to sip, swallow'
  1860 sredh   'to whirl, wave, boil'
  1861 (s)reigh   'clamber'
  1862 srenk   'to snore'
  1863 sre:no   body part (hip?)
  1864 sresk   'to drip'
  1865 sreu   'to flow'
  1866 sreup   'dirt'
  1867 sri:g   'cold, frost'
  1868 sro:>mo   'lame'

  1869 sta:   'to stand'
  1870 stag   'to drop, drizzle'
  1871 (s)ta:i   'to conceal, to steal'
  1872 sta:i   'condense'
  1873 sta:k   'to stand; to put'
  1874 steb(h)   'post, pillar, stump; to support, etc.'
  1875 (s)teg1   'cover, roof, house'
  1876 (s)teg2   'pole, stick, beam'
  1877 stegh   'to stick; pole, stalk, etc.'
  1878 (s)tei   'sharp, spike'
  1879 ste:>ib(h)   'pole, stick; stiff'
  1880 (s)teig   'to stick, sharp'
  1881 steigh   'stride, climb'
  1882 (s)teigw   'shoulder, arm, hip'
  1883 (s)teigwh   'endure'
  1884 (s)tel1   'to let flow; to urinate'
  1885 stel2   'broad, to broaden'
  1886 stel3   'to put, place'
  1887 stem   'tp push; to stumble, stutter'
  1888 (s)ten1   'to groan etc.'
  1889 sten2   'narrow'
  1890 (s)ter1   'stiff, immovable; solid, etc.'
  1891 ste:>r2   'star'
  1892 ster3   'to rob, steal'
  1893 ster4   'line, stripe, ray'
  1894 ster5   'to wien, to scatter'
  1895 ster6   'sterile'
  1896 (s)ter7n   'sharp stalk or thorn'
  1897 (s)ter8   'dirty water, mud,smear'
  1898 sterg   'to care, for, take care of',
  1899 (s)teu1   'to push, hit'
  1900 steu2   'to praise'
  1901 stev@   'coagulate'
  1902 stilp   'to shine; to show'
  1903 stomen   'mouth'
  1904 storos   'kind of bird'
  1905 streig1   'to stop, be immoveable'
  1906 streig2   'stiff'
  1907 (s)treig3   'to hiss'
  1908 strenk   'stiff, tight'
  1909 (s)trep   'to cry, make wild noises'
  1910 stru   'grey-haired, old'

  1911 su   'well, good'
  1912 su:>s   'pig'
  1913 su:ro   'salty, bitter; cheese'
  1914 su:s   'to buzz'
  1915 su:s   'creator, producer'

*SV

  1916 sva:d   'sweet'
  1917 svard   'to laugh'?
  1918 svei   'to hiss, whistle'
  1919 sve:>(i)   'to bend, turn, swing'
  1920 sveid1   'to shine'
  1921 sveid2   'to sweat; sweat (n.)'
  1922 sve:id   'milk'
  1923 svek   'to smell (nice)'
  1924 svekru:/   'mother-in-law'
  1925 svek's   'six'
  1927 svel1(k)   'to swallow, eat, drink'
  1928 svel2   'to smoulder, burn'
  1929 svol   'sole (of foot); ground'
  1930 svel4   See Root 1672
  1931 svelo   'brother-in-law'
  1932 svelplos   'sulphur'
  1933 svem   'to move, to swim'
  1934 sven   'to sound'
  1935 (s)vendh   'dwindle'
  1936 sveng   'to bend'
  1937 svenk   'heavy'
  1938 svento   'vigorous, vivacious, healthy'
  1939 svep1   'to sleep'
  1940 svep2   'to throw'
  1941 sver1   'to speak'
  1942 sver2   'buzz'
  1943 sver3   'stake'
  1944 sver4   'to cut, prick'
  1945 sver5   See Root 2148 *ver-1
  1946 sverbh   'to turn; to sweep'
  1947 svergh   'care, trouble'
  1948 svesor   'sister'
  1949 svi:   'dwindle'
  1950 svomb(h)os   'porous, spongy'
  1951 svordos   'blackm dark'

*T

  1952 ta:   'to melt, dissipate, decay'
  1953 ta:d   'to act deliberately'
  1954 tag   'to touch, grip'
  1955 ta:g   'to put in order'
  1956 tak   'to be silent'
  1957 ta:l   'to grow; young animals'
  1958 tap1   'to dip into'
  1959 tap2   'to press down, press together'
  1960 tata   'daddy'
  1961 taus   'calm, silent'

  1962 teg   See Root 1875
  1963 te:g   'to burn'
  1964 tegu   'fat, thick'
  1965 tei   See Root 1878 *(s)tei
  1966 teig   See Root 1880 *(s)teig
  1967 teigw   See Root 1882 *(s)teigw
  1968 tek1   'to produce', to bear'
  1969 tek2   'to reach, stretch out the hand'
  1970 tek3   'to weave, plait'
  1971 tek'þ   'to plait; woodwork, carpenter'
  1972 tekw   'to run; to flow'
  1973 tel1   'to transport, carry; to bear, suffer'
  1974 tel2   'flat, broad'
  1975 tel3   'to be still'
  1976 tel4   See Root 1884 *(s)tel1
  1977 teleg'h   'to hit'
  1978 telek   'to push, hit'
  1979 telp   'space, spacious'
  1980 tem1   'to cut'
  1981 tem2   'enthralled, confused'
  1982 tem(@)   'dark'
  1983 temp   'to extend, stretch, span'
  1984 ten1   'to extend, stretch, span'
  1985 ten2   See Root 1888
  1986 tend   See Root 1980
  1987 ten@gos   'shoal'
  1988 teng1   'to soak, wet'
  1989 teng2   See Root 2020
  1990 tengh   'to extend, stretch, span'
  1991 tenk1   'to extend, stretch, span'
  1992 tenk2   'contract'
  1993 tens   'to extend, stretch, span'
  1994 tenus   'thin'
  1995 tep   'warm'

  1996 ter1   'to tremble, dabble'
  1997 ter2   'feeble, fragile, weak'
  1998 ter3   'to rub'
  1999 ter4   'to cross, transgress, to stay etc.'
  2000 ter5   'over'
  2001 ter6   'kind of harmful insect'
  2002 ter7   See Root 1890 *(s)ter-1 and 1897 *(s)ter-7

  2003 terd   'to drill'
  2004 terk   'to turn'
  2005 terp   'to be satiated, satisfied'
  2006 ters   'dry, thirst'
  2007 tet(e)r   'chatter (birds)'
  2008 teu1   See Root 1899 *(s)ter-
  2009 teu2   'to listen to, observe'
  2010 te:u   'to swell; crowd, folk; fat; strong' boil, abscess'
  2011 teuk   'sprout, seed, offspring'
  2012 teup   'to get down, to conceal oneself'
  2013 teus   'to empty'
  2014 tev@   'to sift'

  2015 titi   'chirping of birds'
  2016 tyegw   'to retreat in fear'

  2017 to1   'that, he' (demonstrative base)
  2018 to2   prefix
  2019 tolkw   'to speak'?
  2020 tong1   'to think, feel'
  2021 tong2   See Root 1954
  2022 top   'to stay; place'
  2023 tor   'loud, distinct'

  2024 tra:gh   'to drag; to move, run'
  2025 tre:>b   'building, dwelling'
  2026 treg   'to force, use force'
  2027 trei   'three'
  2028 treig   See Root 1909
  2029 treisti   'stubborn, in a bad mood'
  2030 trek   'to run'
  2031 trem   'to thump, to tremble'
  2032 trenk1   'to push; to oppress'
  2033 trenk2   'to wash, bathe'
  2034 trep1   'to trample, tread'
  2035 trep2   'to turn; to bow the head (in shame)'
  2036 trep3   See Root 1909
  2037 tres   'to tremble'
  2038 tre:>u   'to prosper'
  2039 treud   'to press, push'
  2040 triy@to   'sea, watery'?
  2041 tris   'stalk, vine'
  2042 trozdos   'blackbird'
  2043 tru:>des   'leprosy'
  2044 truk'   See Root 2058
  2045 trus   'reed'?
  2046 tu   chirping of birds
  2047 tu:>   'you (s.)'
  2048 tu:lo   'sluggish, lazy'

*TV

  2049 tva:>k1   'embrace, bind'
  2050 tvak2   'to bathe'
  2051 tvakos   'skin'
  2052 tve:>i1   'to cut down, hack, hit'
  2053 tvei2   'to excite, shake, move around; to shimmer'
  2054 tven   See Root 2010
  2055 tveng'h   'close in'
  2056 tver1   'to turn, whirl'
  2057 tver2   'to grab, to enclose'
  2058 tverk'   'to cut'
  2059 tvi:>bh   'hollow'
  2060 tvo:[u]   'tube'

*U

  2061 u1   expressive root
  2062 u2   See Root 131

  2063 ub   'to drag, press'
  2064 u:>d   'upwards; away'
  2065 udero   'belly'
  2066 ul   'to howl'
  2067 upe/r   'over, above'
  2068 upo   'under, from under, etc'

*V

  2069 va:1   'to hit, to wound'
  2070 ven   'to hit, wound'
  2071 va:2   'apart'
  2072 va:b   'to call, cry, complain'
  2073 vadh   'pledge'
  2074 va:dh   'to go, march'
  2075 va:>g1   'cover, sheath'
  2076 va:>g2   'to cry out'
  2077 va:>gh   'to cry out, sound'
  2078 vai   'woe!'
  2079 va:>i   'weak, miserable'
  2080 va:>ka:   'cow'?
  2081 val   'to be strong'
  2082 vank'   'beam'
  2083 vap1   'to chatter'
  2084 vap2   'to call'
  2085 va:stos   Also see Root 528
  2086 va:t1   'spiritually excited'
  2087 va:t2   'to bend, curve'
  2088 vazdh   'long, wide'

  2089 ve:>1   'we (dual)'
  2090 ve2   See Root 132 *au
  2091 ve:3   See Root 137'
  2092 ve4   See Root 130 *au-3
  2093 ve5   See Root 131 *au-4
  2094 vebh1   'to weave, plait'
  2095 vebh2   'to wander, roam, swarm'

  2096 ved   See Root 2098
  2097 vedh1   'to push, hit'
  2098 vedh2   'to lead'
  2099 vedh3   'to bind, attach'

  2100 veg   'to weave, bind'
  2101 veg'   'fresh, strong'
  2102 vegw   'dampen, wet; ox?'
  2103 veg'h   'to move, carry, drive'
  2104 v@g   'to be bent'

  2105 vei1   'to turn, bend, wind'
  2106 vei2   'to wither'
  2107 vei3   'to reach towards, to pursue; to be strong'
  2108 veib   See Root 2117
  2109 veid1   'to turn, bend'
  2110 v(e)id2   'to see; to know'
  2111 veidh   'to separate; widow'

  2112 veik1   'to choose, filter'
  2113 veik2   'force, energy (victory, battle, etc.)'
  2114 veik3   'to come together, become equal'
  2115 veik4   'to curve, bend; to go round, to exchange'
  2116 veik'   'house, settlement'
  2117 veip   'to turn, sway'

  2118 veis1   'to sprout, grow'
  2119 veis2   'to turn, bend'
  2120 veis3   'to flow; poison'

  2121 vek   'to bend'
  2122 v@k   'be curved'
  2123 vek'   'to wish'
  2124 vekw   'to speak'
  2125 vekti   'thing'

  2126 vel1   'to see'
  2127 vel2   'to wish; to choose'
  2128 vel3   'to press, to push'
  2129 vel4   'hair, wool; grass, forest'
  2130 vel5   'to deceive'?
  2131 vel6   'warm'?
  2132 vel7   'to turn, wind; round, etc.'
  2133 vel8   'to tear, wound; to steal'

  2134 velk1   'to drag'
  2135 velk2   'damp'

  2136 vem   'to spit, vomit'
  2137 ven1   'to strive; to wish for, to love'
  2138 ven2   See Root 2069

  2139 vendh1   'to turn, wind, plait'
  2140 vendh2   'to disappear'
  2141 vendh3   'hair, bear'

  2142 veng   'to be bent'
  2143 vengh   'to be bent'
  2144 venk   See Root 2121

  2145 *vep1   'water'
  2146 vep2   'to throw (out)'
  2147 ve:p   'to blow, to soar'

  2148 ver1   'to bind, attach'
  2149 ver2   'highland, high place, top, high'
  2150 ver3   'to turn, bend'
  2151 ver3A -m   'worm'
  2152 ver3B -b(h)   'to turn ,bend'
  2153 ver3C -d   'to bend down, sway'
  2154 ver3D -g   'to turn'
  2155 ver3E -g^h   'to turn, press, strangle'
  2156 ver3F -k   'to turn, wind, bend'
  2157 ver3G -p   'to turn, wind'
  2158 ver3H -t   'to turn, wind'
  2159 ver3Ia -in   'to be confused, clench the teeth'
  2160 ver3Ib -izd   'to be confused, ashamed'
  2161 ver3Ic -g^   'to be crooked'?
  2162 ver3Id -ik^   'to turn, bind'
  2163 ver3Ie -ip   'to turn'
  2164 ver3If -it   'to turn'
  2165 ver4   'to find, take'
  2166 ver5   'to close, ocver; to guard, save'
  2167 ver6   'to talk, speak'
  2168 ver7   'to tear'
  2169 ver8   'to observe, pay attention'
  2170 ver9   'wide, broad'
  2171 ver10   See Root *aw(e)-9
  2172 ver11   'to be friendly'
  2173 ver12   'to burn'
  2174 ver13   'squirrel'

  2175 v(e)ra:d   'twig, root, branch'
  2176 verdh   'to grow; high'

  2177 verg'1   'to close, enclose; pen'
  2178 verg'2   'to do, work'
  2179 verg'3   'to abound, be full of strength'
  2180 verg   See Root 2154

  2181 ver(e)na:   'alder, poplar'
  2182 vers   'to drag on the ground'
  2183 veren   'ram, sheep, lamb'
  2184 ves1   'to stay, live, spend the night'
  2185 ves2   'to feast'
  2186 ves3   'dampen, wet'
  2187 ves4   'to stick, pierce'
  2188 ves5   'to dress; put on'
  2189 ve:>s6   See Root 798
  2190 ves7   'to turn, wind'
  2191 ves8   'buy, sell'
  2192 vesno   'price'
  2193 ves9   See Root 141
  2194 vesperos   'evening'
  2195 ves.r   'spring'
  2196 ve:>su   'good'
  2197 vet   'year'

  2198 vi:>1   'separate from; both, two'
  2199 vi:>2   expressive root
  2200 vidhu   'tree'
  2201 vi:k'.mti:   'twenty'
  2202 vi:>ks   See Root 2118
  2203 ving'   'elm'
  2204 vi:>ros   'man; warrior'
  2205 vyeth   'to shake'

  2206 vlek   'to shine; fiery'?
  2207 v.lkwos   'wolf'
  2208 v.lp   'dog-like animal'

  2209 vobhsa:   'wasp'
  2210 vogwhnis   'ploughshare'
  2211 vokso   'wax'
  2212 vo:ro   'dizziness, madness'
  2213 vortoko   'quail'

  2214 vra:>g'h1   'thorn, spike'
  2215 vra:g'h2   'to hit, push'
  2216 vreg   'to push, drag, drive'
  2217 vre:g'   'to break'
  2218 vrek   See Root 2167'
  2219 vreik   See Root 2155
  2220 vren   'to sprinkle'
  2221 vroth   'to support'?
  2222 vrughyo   'rye'
    

3. Таблица индоевропейских корней

\ -0 -B -Bh -P -Ph -D -Dh -T -Th -S -G -Gh -K -Kh -G' -G'h -K' -K'h -Gw -Gwh -Kw -Kwh -M -N -R -L -W -J -h -H1 -H2 -H3
0- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
B- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Bh- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Ph- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
D- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Dh- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
T- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
S- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
G- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Gh- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
K- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Kh- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
G'- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
G'h- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
K' _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Gw _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Gwh- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Kw- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
N- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
R- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
L- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
W- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
J- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
h- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
H1- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
H2- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
H3- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4. Литература

  1. . .

Индоевропейцы и их язык : Индоевропеистика | Хронология | Прародина | Мифы | Особенности | Фонетика | Строение корня | Лексика | Грамматика | Индоуральский праязык | Ново-индоевропейский модланг | Книги | Ресурсы
Языки-потомки: Анатолийские | Армянский | Балтские | Германские | Греческий | Арийские | Кельтские | Палеобалканскиеалбанским) | Романскиеиталийскими) | Славянскиепраславянским) | Тохарские
Другие языки: Ностратический | Палеоевропейские | Словари древних языков и праязыков
Полезное: Письменности | Древний мир | Археология | Мифология | ДНК-популяции | Страны | Карты
Интересные статьи: Коневодство, мегалиты и климат | Культ сияющего Неба

© «proto-indo-european.ru», Игорь Константинович Гаршин, 2012. Пишите письма (Письмо Игорю Константиновичу Гаршину).
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