1. Suffixed basic form *yr-o-. a. year, from Old English gar, year; b. Yahrzeit, from Old High German jr, year. Both a and b from Germanic *jram, year.
2. Suffixed o-grade form *yr--. horary, hour; horologe, horology, horoscope, from Greek hr, season.
(In Pokorny 1. ei- 293.)
To boil, foam, bubble.
1. yeast, from Old English gist, yeast, from Germanic *jest-.2. kieselguhr, from Old High German jësan, to ferment, and jerian, to cause to ferment, from Germanic *jes-.
3. eczema, zeolite, from Greek zeein, zein, to boil.
(Pokorny es- 506.)
Vital force, youthful vigor. Oldest form *2yeu-; variant of aiw-. Suffixed zero-grade form *yuwen- (< *yu-en-), “possessing youthful vigor,” young.
1. Further suffixed form *yuw-ti-. youth, from Old English geoguth, youth, from Germanic *jugunthi-,*jugunth.
2. Further suffixed form *yuw-ko-.a. (i) young, from Old English geong, young; (ii) junker, from Old High German junc, young; (iii) younker, from Middle Dutch jonc, young. (i)–(iii) all from Germanic *jungaz, from *juwungaz; b. gallowglass, from Old Irish óac, from Celtic *yowanko-.
3.junior, June, Juno, juvenile; rejuvenate, from Latin iuvenis, young.
(Pokorny 3. eu- 510.)
Derivatives include yoke, jugular, adjust, junta, and yoga.
(I) Zero-grade form *yug-.
1. Suffixed form *yug-o-. a. yoke, from Old English geoc, yoke, from Germanic *yukam;b. jugate, jugular, jugum; conjugate, subjugate, from Latin iugum, yoke; c. zygo- zygoma, zygote, –zygous; azygous, syzygy, from Greek zugon, yoke, and zugoun, to join; d. Yuga, from Sanskrit yugam, yoke.
2. Suffixed (superlative) form *yug-isto-. jostle, joust; adjust, juxtapose, juxtaposition, from Latin ixt, close by, perhaps from *iugist (vi), “on a nearby (road).” 3. Nasalized zero-grade form *yu-n-g-.join, joinder, joint, jointure, junction, juncture, junta; adjoin, conjoin, conjugal, conjunct, enjoin, injunction, rejoin, rejoinder, subjoin, from Latin iungere, to join.
(II) Suffixed form *yeug-m. zeugma, from Greek zeugma, a bond.
(III) Suffixed o-grade form *youg-o-. yoga, from Sanskrit yoga, union.
(Pokorny 2. eu- 508.)
1. jural, jurist, jury1; abjure, adjure, conjure, injury, juridical, jurisconsult, jurisdiction, jurisprudence, nonjuror, objurgate, perjure, from Latin is (stem ir-), law, and its derivative irre, “to pronounce a ritual formula,” swear.
2. Compound form *yewes-dik- (see deik-).
3. Suffixed from *yewes-to-. just1, from Latin istus, just.
(Pokorny eos- 512.)
A grain, probably barley. Suffixed form *yew-ya. zein, from Greek zeia, one-seeded wheat.
(Pokorny eo- 512.)
You. Second person (plural) pronoun. ye2, you, from Old English g and ow, you, from Germanic *jz (nominative) and *iwwiz (oblique).