Словарь индоевропейских корней Уоткинса

Слова по темам: Природа | Люди | Животные | Растения | Анатомия | Пища | Одежда | Жилище | Труд | Ремёсла | Движение | Пространство | Время | Количество | Чувства | Душа | Ум | Речь | Общественные связи | Война | Законы | Вера
Праиндоевропейский корнеслов: A | B | Bh | D | Dh | E | G, G̑ | Gh, G̑h | Gw | Gwh | I, Y | K, K̑ | Kw | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | U, W
Русско-индоевропейский словарь: Б | В | Г | Д | Е, Ё | Ж | З | И | К | Л | М | Н | О | П | Р | С | Т | У | Х | Ц | Ч | Ш | Э | Я
Этимологические словари-источники: Покорного | Старостина | Коблера | Уоткинса | Wiki
Словари древних и.-е. языков: Авест. | Вен. | Гот. | Др.-греч. | Др.-ирл. | Др.-макед. | Др.-перс. | Иллир. | Кар. | Лат. | Лид. | Лик. | Лув. | Оск. | Пал. | Пали | Прус. | Др.-инд. | Ст.-слав. | Тохар. | Умбр. | Фрак. | Фриг. | Хетт. | Ятв.

Словарь Уоткинса: A, B, Bh, D, , E, G, , Gh, Gʷh, I(Y), K, , L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, U(W).
Колесница - изобретение и главная боевая сила индоевропейцев

За основу нашего индоевропейского корнеслова вначале взят, как самый компактный (604 корня), перечень индоевропейских лексем из работы американского лингвиста Кальверта Уоткинса (1933-2013): Calvert Watkins, The American Heritage® Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2000. Праиндоевропейские корни Кальверт приводит в позднеиндоевропейской и среднеиндоевропейской (индо-хеттской с ларингалами) формах.

Словарь разбит на алфавитные страницы: A : B : Bh : D : Dh : E : G : Gʷ̯ : Gh : Gʷ̯h : I (Y) : K : Kʷ̯ : L : M : N : O : P : R : S : T : U (W).

Статистика по каждой алфавитной группе и сравнение с таковой в праиндоевропейских словарях других авторов:

Номер
алфав.
раздела
Начальная
фонема
корня
Кол-во корней,
Уот.\Пок.
Состав корней в списке Bartleby Состав корней в списке Appendix
1 *A- *ad-, *ag-, *agh-, *agro-, *aik-, *aim-, *ais-, *aiw-, *ak-, *ak, *ʷ-ā-,
*al-1, *al-2, *al-3, *albho-, *alu-,
*ambhi, *an-, *anə-, *angh-, *ansu-, *ant-, *apo-, *ar-, *arg-. *as-, *at-, *āter-,
*au-, *aug-, *aus-, *awi-, *awo-, *ayer-, *ayes-;
2 *B- *bak-, *bel-;
3 *Bh- *bhā-1, *bhā-2, *bha-bhā-, *bhad-, *bhag-, *bhāghu-, *bhāgo-, *bhardh-ā-, *bhares-, *bhau-,
*bhegʷ-, *bhei-, *bheid-, *bheidh-, *bhel-1, *bhel-2, *bhel-3, *bhelgh-, *bhendh-, *bher-1, *bher-2 *bherəg-, *bhergh-1, *bhergh-2, *bhes-, *bheudh-, *bheuə-, *bheug-,
*bhlē-, *bhleu-,
*bhoso-,
*bhrāter-. *bhreg-, *bhreu-, *bhrū-
*bʰeH₂- (1) to shine *bʰeH₂- (2) to speak *bʰabʰeH₂- broad bean *bʰed- good *bʰag- to share out, apportion *bʰeH₂ǵʰu- arm *bʰeH₂go- beech tree
*bʰardʰeH₂- beard *bʰars- (1) projection, bristle, point *bʰars- (2) barley *bʰasko- band, bundle
*bʰeH₂u- to strike *bʰeH₁- to warm *bʰedʰ- to dig *bʰeg- to break *bʰegʷ- to run
*bʰei- bee *bʰeid- to split *bʰeidʰ- to trust *bʰeiH₂- to strike *bʰeigʷ- to shine
*bʰel- (1) to shine, flash, burn *bʰel- (2) to thrive, bloom *bʰel- (3) to cry out, yell *bʰleH₁- to blow, swell *bʰeld- to knock, strike *bʰelg- plank, beam *bʰelǵʰ- to swell *bʰelk- plank (see, *bʰelg-, above) *bʰelu- to harm
*bʰendʰ- to bind *bʰenǵʰ- thick, fat
*bʰer- (1) to carry, bear *bʰerH₁- to cut, pierce, bore *bʰer- (2), *bright, brown *bʰer- (3) to cook, bake *bʰerdʰ- to cut *bʰerHǵ- to shine to be bright to be white *bʰerǵʰ- (1) to hide, protect *bʰerǵʰ- (2), *high *bʰers- quick
*bʰes- (1) to rub *bʰes- (2) to breathe
*bʰeu- to swell *bʰeudʰ- to be aware, make aware *bʰeuH₂- to become to grow up to appear *bʰeug- (1) to flee *bʰeug- (2) to enjoy *bʰeug- (3) to bend
*bʰleH₂d- to worship *bʰleH₂g- to strike *bʰlei- to blow, swell *bʰleu- to swell, well up, overflow
*bʰors- point (see, *bʰars-(1), above) *bʰoso- naked
*bʰrag- to smell *bʰraǵʰmen- form, ritual form *bʰreH₂ter- brother *bʰreg- to break *bʰreiH- to cut, break *bʰrekʷ- to cram together *bʰrem- (1) to growl *bʰrem- (2) to project; point, spike; edge *bʰres- to burst *bʰreuH- (1) to cut, break up *bʰreuH₁- to boil, bubble, burn *bʰreus- to swell *bʰruH- eyebrow *bʰruHg- agricultural produce; to enjoy
*bʰudʰ- bottom, base *bʰuǵo- male animal; stag, ram, he-goat
4 *D- dā- dail-, *daiwer-, *dakru-
de-, *deik-, *dek-, *dek̑m̥-, *deks-, *del-1, *del-2, *dem-, *demə- dent-,
*der-, *derk-, *deru-,
*deu-1, *deu-2, *deuə- *deuk-,
*dlegh-, *dn̥gh(?)- d(?)-, *dus-, *dwo- *dyeu-
*deH₁- to bind *deH₂- (1) to divide *deH₂- (2) to flow *deH₂iwer- husband’s brother *daḱru- teardrop (alternatively, *H₁aḱru-) *deH₂nu- river (from, *deH₂- (2)) *dap- to apportion (in exchange) *de, *but, yet (postpositional particle)
*deiǵ- to show *deiǵʰ- insect *deiḱ- to show, pronounce solemnly *deḱ- (1) to take, accept *deḱ- (2), *fringe, tuft *deḱm̥, *ten *deḱs- right; south *del- (1), *long *del- (2) to recount to count *delH- to split, carve, cut
*dom- house, household *demH₂- to domesticate *denḱ- to bite *dens- (1) to use mental force *dens- (2), *dense, thick *dep- to stamp
*der- (1) to run, walk, step *der- (2) to split, peel, flay *derbʰ- to wind, compress *derH₂- to work *dergʰ- to grasp *derḱ- to see *derwo- to be firm, solid, steadfast; wood
*des- enemy, foreigner, slave
*deu- (1) to lack, be wanting *deu- (2) to do, perform, show favor, revere *deuH₂- long (in duration) *deuk- to lead
*digʰo- goat *dlegʰ- to engage oneself *dl̥ku- sweet *dn̥ǵʰuH₂- tongue *deH₃- to give *drem- to sleep *dreu- to be firm (see, *deru-, above) *dus- bad, evil; mis-
*dwei- to be in doubt, unsure; (later) to fear *dwi- two (prefix form; see also, *dwo-) *dwo- two (prefix form; see also, *dwi-) *dwou- two *dyeu- to shine; sky, heaven, god
5 *Dh- dhē- dhegʷh-, *dhē(i̯)-, *dheigh- dher-, *dhers-, *dhēs-
dheu-1, *dheu-2, *dheub- dheuə-, *dheugh-,
*dhghem-, *dhgh(y)es-, *dh(?)gʷ-,
*dhreg-, *dhreibh-, *dhreu-,
*dhugəter- dhwer-;
*dʰabʰ- to fit together *dʰal- to bloom *dʰeH₁- to set, put *dʰeb-, *dense, firm, compressed *dʰegʰʷ- to burn, warm *dʰeH₁(i)- to suck *dʰeiǵʰ- to form, build *dʰel- hollow *dʰelbʰ- to dig, excavate *dʰembʰ- to bury *dʰen- (1) to run, flow *dʰen- (2), *palm of the hand
*dʰer- (1) to make muddy; darkness *dʰer- (2) to hold firmly, support *dʰer- (3) to drone, murmur, buzz *dʰers- to venture, be bold *dʰeH₁s- religious
*dʰeu- (2) to flow *dʰeuH₂- to rise in smoke; to die *dʰeubʰ- (1), *deep hollow *dʰeubʰ- (2), *wedge, peg, plug *dʰeugʰ- to avail oneself of *dʰǵʰom- earth
*dʰǵʰuH₂- fish *dʰǵʰyes- yesterday *dʰgʰʷei- to perish, die away *dʰgʰʷer- to flow, move forcefully *dʰeiH₁gʷ- to stick, fix *-dʰlo- (see, *-tro-, below)
*dʰregʰ- to draw, drag on the ground *dʰreǵ- to draw, glide *dʰregʰ- to run *dʰeibʰ- to drive, push; snow *dʰreu- to fall, flow, drip, droop *dʰreugʰ- to deceive *-dʰro- (instrumental suffix; see, *-tro-, below) *dʰuǵH₂ter- daughter *dʰwenH₂- to disappear, die *dʰwor- door, doorway
6 *E- *ed-, *eg, *eghs, *egʷh-, *ei-, *eis-, *ekwo-, *el-, *em-, *en, *epi
*er-1, *er-2, *erə-, *ers-, *es-, *(e)su-
*eu-, *euə-, *euə-dhr̥̥-
*-eH₁- (stative verbal suffix) *-eH₂- (thematic animate collective, later a feminine suffix in non-Anatolian Indo-European languages) *-es- (suffix forming abstract nouns from verbs) *-eyo- (causative-iterative verbal suffix)
7 *G-, *G'- *gal-, *gu-, *gel-
gembh-, *gem-, *gen- *genu-1, *genu-2
*ger-, *gerbh-, *ger-1, *ger-2
*geus-, *gleubh- *gn-, *g-no-, *
*gal- (1), *bald, naked *gal- (2) to call, shout *gal- (3) to be able, have power *gar- to call, cry
*geH₁i- to sing *geH₂u- to rejoice; to have religious fear or awe
*ǵeiH- to sprout, split, open
*ǵel- (1), *bright *ǵel- (2), *cold; to freeze
*ǵembʰ- tooth *ǵemH₁- to marry
*ǵenH₁- to give birth, beget *ǵenu- (1), *knee; angle *ǵenu- (2), *jawbone, chin
*ǵep(ʰ)- jaw, mouth
*gerbʰ- to scratch
*ǵerH₂- to cry hoarsely; crane *ǵerH₂[2? - to grow old ] *ǵeuH- to hasten
*g(e)u-lo- glowing coal
*ǵeus- to taste, choose
*gladʰ- smooth *glei- clay *gleubʰ- to tear apart, cleave *gleH₃gʰ- thorn, point [а на, *ǵl- нет?]
*ǵneH₃- to know
*gras- to devour *greut- to compress, push
*ǵr̥H-no-, *grain
*gru- to grunt
*ǵ(y)eu- to chew, eat
8 *Gh-, *G'h- *ghabh-, *ghans- *gh-, *ghebh-el-, *ghedh- *ghei-, *ghel-1, *ghel-2 *ghend-,
*gher-1, *gher-2, *gher-, *ghes-, *gheslo- *gheu-, *gheu()-, *ghos-ti-
*ghr-, *ghrebh-1, *ghrebh-2 ghredh-, *ghri-, *ghrendh-
ghwer-, *ghwbh-;
*gʰebʰ- to give, receive *gʰeH₂i- to yawn, gape
*gʰaido- goat *gʰais- to adhere, hesitate *gʰaiso- stick, spear
*ǵʰalgʰ- branch, rod *ǵʰans- goose *ǵʰazdʰo- rod, staff
*ǵʰeH₁- to release, let go
*gʰebʰ- to give, receive (see, *gʰabʰ-) *gʰebʰelo- head *gʰedʰ- to unite, join, fit
*ǵʰei- (1) to propel, prick *ǵʰei- (2), *winter
*gʰeis- fear, amazement *gʰel- to call
*ǵʰel- (1) to shine *ǵʰel- (2) to cut
*gʰeidʰ- to pay *gʰeleǵʰ- metal *gʰelH₂d- hail *gʰeluH₂- tortoise *gʰel-uneH₂- jaw *gʰe(n)d- to seize, take
*ǵʰengʰ- to go, walk
*gʰer- (1) to call out *gʰer- (2) to scrape, scratch
*ǵʰer- (1) to grasp, enclose *ǵʰer- (2) to like, want *ǵʰerH₂- gut, entrail *ǵʰers- to bristle *ǵʰes- hand *ǵʰeslo- thousand *ǵʰeu- to pour (a libation) *ǵʰeHu- to yawn, gape *ǵʰeuH- to call, invoke
*gʰe, *indeed, truly (emphatic particle)
*ǵʰoH- behind, after
*gʰos-ti- stranger, guest, host *gʰow-eH₁- to honor, revere, worship
*gʰreH₁- to grow, become green *gʰrebʰ- (1) to seize, reach *gʰrebʰ- (2) to dig, bury, scratch *gʰredʰ- to walk, go
*ǵʰreH₁i- to rub
*gʰreib- to grip *gʰrem- angry *gʰrendʰ- to grind *gʰreH₁u- to rub, grind
*ǵʰwer- wild beast
*gʰwiHbʰo- shame; vagina, pudenda
9 *Gw- *gw- *gwei-
*gwel-
*gwen-
*gwer-1, *gwer-2
*gwet-
*gwou-
*gʷeH₂- to go, come *gʷeH₂bʰ- to dip, sink *gʷeH₂dʰ- to sink
*gʷeH₃- to feed
*gʷeiH- to press down, conquer *gʷeiH₃- to live
*gʷel- to fly; wing *gʷelbʰ- womb *gʷelH₁- to throw, reach *gʷelH₂- acorn
*gʷen- woman
*gʷerH₂- (1), *heavy *gʷerH₂- (2) to favor *gʷerH₃- mountain *gʷerH₃- [?] to swallow
*gʷet- resin (?)
*gʷou- ox, bull, cow, *gʷres- thick, fat, *gʷriH-weH₂- back of the neck;
10 *Gwh- *gwhedh-, *gwhen-, *gwher- *gwh-,
*gwhr-, *gwhren-
*gʷʰedʰ- to ask, pray *gʷʰen- to strike, kill *gʷʰer- to heat, warm
*gʷʰreH₁- to smell, breathe *gʷʰren- to think
_ H1-, H2-, H3- (или ə1-, ə2-, ə3-) [на H- нет?] *H₁aǵ- to drive to lead to draw to move *H₁aǵro- field (from, *H₁aǵ-) *H₁aiǵ- goat *H₁eH₂mr̥, *day *H₁ar- to fit together *H₁eH₂- to burn, glow *H₁eH₂ter- fire (from, *H₁eH₂-) *H₁au- to perceive *H₁e, *here, there (locative particle of indefinite deixis) *H₁dont- tooth (see, *H₁ed-) *H₁ed- to bite; (later) to eat *H₁eǵō, *I *H₁eǵʰs, *out, out of *H₁egʷni- fire *H₁egʰʷ- to drink *H₁ei- (1) to go *H₁ei- (2), *reddish, motley; yellow *H₁eis- (1), *passion *H₁eis- (2), *ice, frost *H₁eḱwo- horse *H₁el- (1), *elbow, forearm *H₁el- (2), *red, brown *H₁elH₂- to go *H₁elḱes- wound *H₁em- to take, distribute *H₁en, *in *-H₁on- (animate agentive suffix) *H₁engʷ- groin, internal organ *H₁ep- near, at, against *H₁er- (1) to move, set in motion *H₁er- (2), *earth, ground *H₁erH₁- to row *H₁reH₁- to separate *H₁erH₂- to separate, adjoin *H₁(e)rH₃dʰ- high *H₁erǵʰ- to mount *H₁erkʷ- to radiate, beam, praise *H₁ers- (1) to be in motion *H₁ers- (2) to be wet *H₁es- to be *H₁ēs- to sit (conjugated in mediopassive) *H₁eson- harvest, fall *H₁esor- woman *H₁su- good *H₁eti, *above, beyond *H₁eHtiH- eider duck *H₁eH₁tmen- breath *H₁eu- to dress *H₁euH₂- to leave, abandon, give out *H₁euHdʰr̥, *udder *H₁euk- to become accustomed *H₁eus- to burn *H₁i- (3p pronominal stem)

[> a-?] *H₂eǵ- to speak *H₂eg-es- fault, guilt *H₂egʰ- to be depressed, afraid *H₂eǵʰ- day (span of time) *H₂egw(e)siH₂- axe *H₂egʷʰno- lamb *H₂ei- (1) to give, allot *H₂ei- to burn *H₂eiḱ- to be master of, possess *H₂eiḱ- (2), *spit *H₂eim- copy *H₂eis- to wish, desire *H₂eiw- vital force, life, long life, eternity *H₂eḱ- sharp *H₂eḱs- axis *H₂el- (2) to wander *H₂el- (3) to grow, nourish *H₂el- (4) to grind, mill *H₂el- (5) to be beyond, opposite to, facing *H₂elbʰo- white *H₂elu- sorcery; possession, intoxication *H₂ent-bʰi, *around *H₂embʰō, *both *H₂ems- black; blackbird *H₂en- (1), *on *H₂en- (2), *old woman, ancestor *H₂en- to pour, draw water *H₂endʰ- bloom *H₂endʰo- blind, dark *H₂enH₁- to breathe *H₂enH₂t- duck *H₂enHteH₂- doorjamb *H₂enǵʰ- tight, painful *H₂eng- to bend (see, *ank-, below) *H₂engʷʰi- snake, eel *H₂enk- to bend *ans- loop, handle *H₂ensu- spirit *H₂ent- front, forehead *H₂ep- to take, reach *H₂ep- (2), *water *H₂ep(o)- off, away *H₂epseH₂, *aspen *H₂erH₃- to plow *H₂erǵ- to shine; to be bright-colored *H₂erk- to hold, contain, guard *H₂erku- bow and/or arrow *H₂eu- (2), *off, away *H₂eu- to weave *H₂euǵ- to increase *H₂ug- (2) to shine *H₂eukʷ- cooking pot *H₂eulo- hole, cavity *H₂eus- to shine *H₂eus- to draw water *H₂ewi- bird *H₂euH₂o- grandfather, uncle *H₂eier- day, morning *H₂eies- metal, copper, bronze *H₂eiu- life (see, *H₂eiw-, above) *H₂ger- to gather

H₃enes- burden *H₃owi- sheep
11 *I-, *Y- i-

y- yeg-, *yek-, *ykw yr-, *yes-, *yeu-, *yeug-, *yewes-, *yewo- yu-, *
*-iH₁, *(athematic dual noun suffix) *-iH₂- (athematic animate collective suffix, later feminine suffix in non-Anatolian languages) *-is-to- (superlative suffix) *yeug- to yoke *yo- who, which, that (relative pronoun) *yus, *you all (second person plural nominative pronoun)
12 *K- K'- k-, *kad-, *ka-id-, *kai- kailo-, *kaito-, *kakka- kan-, *kand-, *kap-, *kaput-, *kar-, *kas-, *kat-, *kau-, *
ked-, *keg-, *
kei-1, *kei-2 kekw-, *kel-1, *kel-2 kel-1, *kel-2 ken-, *kenk-, *kens-, *kent- ker-1, *ker-2, *ker-3 kerd-, *ker-, *kerp-, *kers-, *kes-, *keu-
klei-, *kleu-, *
ko-, *k-, *kob-, *kom, *konk-, *koro-, *kost- kous-, *
krei-, *kreu-, *kreus-, *ksun, *
*keH₂- to like, desire *ḱad- to fall *ḱeH₂d- sorrow, hatred *keH₂dʰ- to shelter, cover *kagʰ- to catch, seize; wickerwork, fence *kagʰlo- pebble, hail *kai- heat *kaiko- one-eyed *kailo- whole, uninjured, auspicious *kaito- forest, uncultivated land *ḱak- to enable, help *kal- (1), *cup *kal- (2), *beautiful *kal- (3), *hard *kamp- to bend *kan- to sing *kand- to shine *kēp- to grasp *kapro- he-goat, buck *kaput- head *kar- (1), *hard *kar- (2) to praise loudly, extol *kars- to card *ḱas- gray *kat- down *ḱat- to fight *kau- to hew, strike *keH₂u- to burn *ked- to go, yield *keg- hook, tooth *ḱei- (1) to lie; bed, couch; beloved, dear *ḱei- (2), *color *keiH₂- to set in motion *ḱekʷ- excrement *kel- (1) to strike, cut *kel- (2) to drive, set in swift motion *kel- (3) to be prominent; hill *kel- (4) to prick *kel- (5) to deceive, trick *ḱel- to cover, conceal, save *kelb- to help *ḱelH₁- warm *kelH₂- to shout *kelp- to hold, grasp *kem- to compress *ḱem- hornless *kemb- to bend, turn, change, exchange *ken- (1) to arise, make an effort *ken- (2), *fresh, new, young *ḱen- empty
*kend- to shine (see, *kand-, above) *k(e)nHko- yellow, golden *kenk- (1) to gird, bind *kenk- (2) to suffer from hunger or thirst *kenk- (3), *heel, bend of the knee *ḱens- to proclaim, speak solemnly *kent- to prick, jab *ker- (1), *loud noise, bird *ker- (2), *heat, fire *ker- (3), *a kind of cherry *ker- (4), *hard (see, *kar-, above) *ḱer- (1), *horn, head *ḱer- (2) to grow *kerd- craft *ḱerd- heart *ḱerdʰ- row, heart *ḱerH₂- (1) to mix, confuse, cook *ḱerH₂- (2) to injure, break apart *kerp- to gather, pluck, harvest *kers- dark, dirty *ḱers- to run *kert- to turn, entwine *kes- to scratch *ḱes- to cut *keud- magical glory *ḱeuH- to swell; vault, hole *ḱeuk- to be white, be bright, shine *ḱeH₁w-(e)ro- north, north wind *ḱīgʰ- fast, violent
*kleH₂- to spread out flat *kleH₂u- hook, peg *kleg- to cry, sound *ḱlei- to lean *kleng- to bend, turn *ḱlep- to steal *ḱleu- to hear *ḱleuH- to wash, clean *kl̥H₂-wo- bald
*ḱo- this (proximal demonstrative pronoun) *-ko- (adjectival suffix)
[почему нет, *kr-?]
13 *Kw- *kwe, *kwei-1, *kwei-2, *kwei-, *kweit-,
*kwel-1, *kwel-2, *kwen-, kwent(h)-, *kwer-, *kwes- *kwt- *kwetwer- *kwo- *kwon- *kwrep- *kwmi-;
*kʷe, *and (conjunctive postpositional particle) *kʷetwores, *four *kʷi- who?, what? (interrogative pronoun; see, *kʷo-) *kʷo- who?, what? (interrogative pronoun; see, *kʷi-)
14 *L- laks-, *las- lau-, *l-, *
leb-, *leg-, *legh-, *legwh- lei-, *leid-, *leig-, *leigh-, *leikw-, *leip- leis-1, *leis-2, *leit- lendh-, *leu-, *leubh- leudh-, *leu()-, *leugh-, *leuk-, * ( lk-, *lno- ls-
*leubʰ- to love [почему так мало?]
15 *M- m-1, *m-2 mag-, *magh-, *maghu-, *mk-, *man-1, *man-2 marko-, *mter-, *
me-1, *me-2, *m-1, *m-2, *m-3, *m-4, *med-, *medhu-, *medhyo-, *meg- mei-1, *mei-2, *meigh-, *meik-, *mei-no-, *
mel-1, *mel-2, *mel-3, *mel- melg-, *melit-, * men-1, *men-2, *men-3, *men-4 mendh-, *menegh-, *
mer-, *merg-, *meu-, *mizdho- mori-, *mregh-u-, *ms-
*me, *me (first person singular enclitic pronoun) *men- to think
16 *N- nas-, *nu-, *dher-
ne, *nebh-, *ned- nek-1, *nek-2, *nekw-t- nem-, *nept-, *ner-1, *ner-2, *nes-1, *nes-2 neu-, *new, *newo-
nobh-, *nogh-, *nogw- n-men-, *nu-
*n̥- in-, un-, not (inhibitive noun prefix; see, *ne, *nei), *n̥s us (first person plural enclitic pronoun), *ne not (negative enclitic particle; see, *n̥- nei), *nei not (negative enclitic particle; see, *n̥- ne);
17 *O- *od-, *oi-no-, *okt(u), *ku- okw-, *op-,
*or-, *orbh-, *ors-, *s- *ost-, *ous-, *owi-
*-ō, *I (thematic first person present verbal suffix) *-ont- (thematic active verbal noun suffix)
18 *P- *p-, *paw, *pag- *pl-, *pan-, *pant- *papa, *past-, *pau-1, *pau-2,
*ped-, *p(i)-, *pei-, *peig-, *peku-, *pekw-,
*pel-1, *pel-2, *pel-3, *pel-4, *pel-5 pel-1, *pel-2, *pel-3
*penkwe, *pent-,
*per-1, *per-2, *per-3, *per-4, *per-5, *perd-, *per-1, *per-2, *perkwu-,
*pes-, *pet-, *pet-, *peu-, *peuk-, *pezd-, *pter-
*plk-1, *plk-2, *plat- *plek-, *pleu-,
*pneu- p(i)-, *porko-, *poti- prek-, *preus-, *pr- *p-
*penkʷe five, *pod- foot;
19 *R- , *( re-, *r- rd-, *reg-, *rei-, *reidh-, *reig-, *rep-, *ret-, *reudh-, *reu-, *reug-, *reup- *tko- *r̥, *via, with, by way of (instrumental postpositional particle)
20 *S- *s-, *sg-, *sak- sal-, *swel-, *s-
*sed-, *segh-, *sek- *sekw-1, *sekw-2, *sekw-3 *sel-, *sem-1, *sem-2 *smi-, *sen-, *sengwh-, *sent-, *sep-, *sept ser-1, *ser-2, *seu-1, *seu-2,
*skand-, *skei-, *skel-1, *skel-2, *sker-1, *sker-2, *sker-3, *(s)keu-, *skeud-, *skrbh-,
*slb-, *slg-, *slei-, *sleubh- smei-, *(s)mer-1, *(s)mer-2 sn-, *(s)nu-, *(s)n-, *(s)neu-, *sneigwh- so-, *sol-,
*sp-, *spek- (s)pen-, *spend-, *sper-, *sper-, *sreu-,
*st-, *sti-, *(s)teg-, *stegh-, *steig-, *steigh-, *stel-, *(s)ten-, *ster-1, *ster-2, *ster-3, *streb(h)-, *streig-
s-, *swd-, *s(w)e-, *sweid-, *s(w)eks, *swel-, *swen-, *swep-, *swer-, *swesor-, *swo-, *sy-
*sed- to sit, *swe self, oneself (third person reflexive enclitic pronoun), *sweks six;
21 *T- *tag-, *tauro-, *tegu-, *tek-, *teks-, *tel-, *tem-, *ten-, *ter-1, *ter-2, *terkw-, *ters- *teu-, *teut-, *tkei- *to-, *tolkw-, *tong-
*treb-, *trei-, *trep-, *treud-, *tu-
*treies, *three *-tlo- (instrumental noun suffix; see, *-tro-), *-tro- (instrumental noun suffix), *tu you (second person nominative pronoun), *twe you (second person enclitic pronoun);
22 *U-, *W- *ud-, *uks-en-, *uper, *upo,

*wal-, *wap-,
*we-, *w-, *webh-, *wed-1, *wed-2, *weg-, *wegh-
*wei-, *weid-, *wei- *weik-1, *weik-2, *weik-3 *weip-,
*wekti-, *wekw- *wel-1, *wel-2, *wel- *wem-, *wen-1, *wen-2
*wer-1, *wer-2, *wer-3, *wer-4, *wer-5, *w-r-, *wr-o-, *werg-, *wers-
*wes-1, *wes-2, *wes-3 *wes-pero-, *wes, *wet-1, *wet-2, *
*wi-, *wkt- *w-ro-, *wkwo-, *wp-ē- *ws, *wrd-
*-u-, *(adverbial and adjectival suffix);

*we or (disjunctive postpositional particle), *wei we (first person plural nominative pronoun), *weid- to know.

Ограниченное количество корней, возможно, объясняется тем, что Ваткинс приводит список не всех праиндо-европейских корней, а тех, рефлексы которых сохранились в английском языке (смотрите английский лексикон).


Источники по праиндоевропейскому корнеслову Воткинса

Сетевые ресурсы (смотрите также другие индоевропейские словари):


Индоевропейцы и их язык : Индоевропеистика | Хронология | Прародина | Мифы | Особенности | Фонетика | Строение корня | Лексика | Грамматика | Новоиндоевропейский | Книги | Ресурсы
Языки-потомки: Анатолийские | Армянский | Балтские | Германские | Греческий | Арийские | Кельтские | Палеобалканскиеалбанским) | Романскиеиталийскими) | Славянскиепраславянским) | Тохарские
Другие языки: Ностратический | Палеоевропейские | Словари древних языков и праязыков
Полезное: Письменности | Древний мир | Археология | Мифология | ДНК-популяции | Страны | Карты
Интересные статьи: Коневодство, мегалиты и климат | Культ сияющего Неба

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